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Mauritius

Mauritius »

Source: Mauritius : A Competitiveness Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2008/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Camelia Minoiu , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870701

Keywords: equilibrium real exchange rate, structural competitiveness, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equilibrium exchange rate, exchange rates, structural competitveness,

We assess the competitiveness of Mauritius in recent years using two approaches. First, we estimate the difference between the equilibrium and the actual real exchange rate using four methods: the macroeconomic bal...

Madagascar

Madagascar »

Source: Madagascar : A Competitiveness and Exchange Rate Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872545

Keywords: Equilibrium exchange rate, competitiveness, exchange rate, reer, real exchange rate, export performance, exchange rates,

The purpose of this paper is to assess Madagascar's competitiveness in recent years, using both price and nonprice indicators and an exchange rate assessment of the currency. We estimate the distance between the eq...

Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : An Assessment of the Real Exchange Rate and Competitiveness

Volume/Issue: 2011/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Weber , and Chunfang Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211951

Keywords: Equilibrium exchange rate, competitiveness, panel estimations, exchange rate, real exchange rate, cointegration, survey, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper uses a range of different methodologies to estimate the equilibrium real exchange rate in Armenia with both single-country and panel estimation techniques. We estimate a country specific autoregressive d...

Competitiveness and the Equilibrium Exchange Rate in Costa Rica

Competitiveness and the Equilibrium Exchange Rate in Costa Rica »

Source: Competitiveness and the Equilibrium Exchange Rate in Costa Rica

Volume/Issue: 2001/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Claudio Paiva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

ISBN: 9781451844047

Keywords: Equilibrium exchange rate, current account sustainability, competitiveness, external vulnerability, exchange rate, central bank, real exchange rate, current account balance,

This paper evaluates several indicators of external vulnerability and estimates the equilibrium real exchange rate for Costa Rica. While current indicators are mostly positive, declining market shares of domestic e...

Exchange Rate Assessment in a Resource-Dependent Economy

Exchange Rate Assessment in a Resource-Dependent Economy »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment in a Resource-Dependent Economy : The Case of Botswana

Volume/Issue: 2008/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Corinne Deléchat , and Matthew Gaertner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869446

Keywords: competitiveness, equilibrium exchange rate, external sustainability, exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, trading partners, effective exchange rate,

The paper combines various methodologies to assessing the level of the exchange rate in Botswana, explicitly taking into account the implications of its dependency on diamond exports. Real exchange rate estimation...

In Search of a Dramatic Equilibrium

In Search of a Dramatic Equilibrium »

Source: In Search of a Dramatic Equilibrium : Was the Armenian Dram Overvalued?

Volume/Issue: 2009/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nienke Oomes , Vahram Stepanyan , Gohar Minasyan , and Ara Stepanyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871975

Keywords: Real exchange rate, misalignment, competitiveness, Balassa-Samuelson, exchange rate, current account balance, equilibrium exchange rate, exchange rate misalignment,

This papers estimates the equilibrium exchange rate for Armenia using three different approaches: the purchasing power parity (PPP) approach, the behavioral equilibrium exchange rate (BEER) approach, and the extern...

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China »

Source: De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

Volume/Issue: 2012/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502275

Keywords: Aggregate Productivity, monopoly, tfp, gdp per capita, competitive equilibrium, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

During the past decade, the average Chinese earns roughly 9 times less and is 10 times less productive than the average American at purchasing power parity. Current consensus attributes large differences in output...

Inefficient Fire-Sales in Decentralized Asset Markets1

Inefficient Fire-Sales in Decentralized Asset Markets1 »

Source: Inefficient Fire-Sales in Decentralized Asset Markets

Volume/Issue: 2019/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Ebrahimy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498303804

Keywords: Supply and demand, Asset prices, Financial assets, Balance sheets, Asset markets, fire-sales, coordination failure, decentralized markets, competitive search, fire-sale

Classic models of fire-sales that emphasize liquidity-constrained natural buyers can-not fully account for the asset fire-sales during the Financial Crisis of 2008. I present a model to demonstrate that fire-sales...

Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Volume/Issue: 2006/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eva Gutierrez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865219

Keywords: Competitiveness, equilibrium exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rate, reer, real effective exchange rate, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of, Macedonia, Fyr,

This paper reviews a broad set of indicators of competitiveness in the Macedonian economy and estimates the equilibrium real effective exchange rate (REER) using different methodologies. Although the REER is broadl...

Lithuania

Lithuania »

Source: Lithuania : History and Future of the Currency Board Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2002/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451854992

Keywords: Real effective exchange rate, competitiveness, currency board arrangement, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, tradable goods, equilibrium exchange rate, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

The paper examines the evolution of the institutional setup of Lithuania's Currency Board Arrangement (CBA) and competitiveness from 1994 through 2001, with a view to determining the resilience of the Lithuanian CB...