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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

International Trade Policies
			: Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond:  Background Papers

International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754578.083

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

This study reviews major issues and developments in trade and their implications for the work of the IMF. Volume I, The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Principal Issues, gives an overview of the issues and developments i...

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh in April 1994, bringing to a conclusion the eighth and most ambitious set of multilateral trade negotiations. One hundred and twenty-five countries...

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Trade reforms are being increasingly featured in the design of adjustment programs supported by Fund resources. This paper reviews the trade policy content of Fund-supported programs approved in the period 1...

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s?

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s? »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Antidumping is by far the most frequently used (GATT-legal) instrument of administered or contingent protection 2 among industrial countries, and its use has been spreading in rec...

IV The International Dimension of Competition Policies

IV The International Dimension of Competition Policies »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

The globalization of the world economy has increased attention on domestic policy instruments that have an impact on the conditions of competition between domestic and foreign sources of supply (imports and...

V Trade and the Environment

V Trade and the Environment »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Concern about the environment has grown markedly in the recent past. At the Earth Summit in 1992, governments collectively espoused the concept of “sustainable development”—meeting present needs without comp...

VI Regional Trading Arrangements

VI Regional Trading Arrangements »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Regional trading arrangements 2 have become increasingly important in the relations among Fund members. This paper reviews recent developments in regional trading arrangements, fa...

Competition Policy for Modern Banks1

Competition Policy for Modern Banks1 »

Source: Competition Policy for Modern Banks

Volume/Issue: 2013/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lev Ratnovski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484354728

Keywords: Competition Policy, bank competition, mergers, General, Government Policy and Regulation,

Traditional bank competition policy seeks to balance efficiency with incentives to take risk. The main tools are rules guiding entry/exit and consolidation of banks. This paper seeks to refine this view in light of...

The European Community's Trade and Trade-Related Industrial Policies

The European Community's Trade and Trade-Related Industrial Policies »

Source: The European Community's Trade and Trade-Related Industrial Policies

Volume/Issue: 1992/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miranda Xafa , Joslin Landell-Mills , and Roger Kronenberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1992

ISBN: 9781451950687

Keywords: export subsidies, internal market, antidumping duties, export restrictions, competition policy

This paper examines the objectives and instruments of trade policy in the European Community (EC) from 1987 until mid-1992. It reviews the Community’s institutional setting and policy environment as backgrou...

Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration

Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration

Volume/Issue: 2000/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855487

Keywords: fiscal federalism, tax competition, tax rates, fiscal policies, pension, pensions

The paper considers the issue of whether a supranational fiscal policy in Europe is needed, and, if so, what responsibilities it should undertake. The literature on endogenous growth and the principle of subsidiari...