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The Price Incentive to Smuggle and the Cocoa Supply in Ghana, 1950-96

The Price Incentive to Smuggle and the Cocoa Supply in Ghana, 1950-96 »

Source: The Price Incentive to Smuggle and the Cocoa Supply in Ghana, 1950-96

Volume/Issue: 1998/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451851137

Keywords: cocoa supply, smuggling, commodity taxation, cointegration, producer prices, equation, statistics, export duty

From the early 1960s to the early 1980s, the officially recorded production of cocoa in Ghana declined by 60 percent. During the 1983–95 Economic Recovery Program, however, cocoa production doubled. Although...

Assessing Fiscal Space: an Update and Stocktaking

Assessing Fiscal Space: an Update and Stocktaking »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Space : An Update and Stocktaking

Volume/Issue: 2018/033

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

ISBN: 9781498309042

Keywords: Fiscal space, Debt sustainability, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Fiscal rules, commodity producer, country-specific, market access, bottom-line, conjuncture

This paper reviews the experience with the fiscal space assessment framework that was piloted during 2017-18. In 2016, staff proposed an operational definition of fiscal space and a new four-stage framework for its...

IMF Board Takes Stock of Work on Fiscal Space

IMF Board Takes Stock of Work on Fiscal Space »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Space : An Update and Stocktaking

Volume/Issue: 2018/033

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

ISBN: 9781498309042

Keywords: Fiscal space, Debt sustainability, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Fiscal rules, commodity producer, country-specific, market access, bottom-line, conjuncture

This paper reviews the experience with the fiscal space assessment framework that was piloted during 2017-18. In 2016, staff proposed an operational definition of fiscal space and a new four-stage framework for its...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Source: How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

The Price Incentive to Smuggle and the Cocoa Supply in Ghana, 1950-96

The Price Incentive to Smuggle and the Cocoa Supply in Ghana, 1950-96 »

Volume/Issue: 1998/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851137.001

ISBN: 9781451851137

Keywords: cocoa supply, smuggling, commodity taxation, cointegration, producer prices, equation, statistics, export duty

From the early 1960s to the early 1980s, the officially recorded production of cocoa in Ghana declined by 60 percent. During the 1983–95 Economic Recovery Program, however, cocoa production doubled. Although...

Assessing Fiscal Space
			: An Update and Stocktaking

Assessing Fiscal Space : An Update and Stocktaking »

Volume/Issue: 2018/033

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498309042.007

ISBN: 9781498309042

Keywords: Fiscal space, Debt sustainability, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Fiscal rules, commodity producer, country-specific, market access, bottom-line, conjuncture

This paper reviews the experience with the fiscal space assessment framework that was piloted during 2017-18. In 2016, staff proposed an operational definition of fiscal space and a new four-stage framework for its...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536065.061

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...