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Fiscal Monitor, October 2019
			: How to Mitigate Climate Change

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321228.089

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

Credit Growth in Latin America

Credit Growth in Latin America »

Source: Credit Growth in Latin America : Financial Development or Credit Boom?

Volume/Issue: 2013/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Niels-Jakob Harbo Hansen , and Olga Sulla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484390627

Keywords: Credit boom, financial development, panel co-integration, banking, banking sector, banking crisis, banking crises, bank equity,

Banking credit to the private sector in Latin America has on average increased by 7 percent of GDP from primo 2004 to ultimo 2011, with real credit in some countries growing by up to 20 percent per year. This paper...

Real Exchange Rate Misalignment

Real Exchange Rate Misalignment »

Source: Real Exchange Rate Misalignment : A Panel Co-Integration and Common Factor Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2005/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue , and Gilles Dufrénot

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861839

Keywords: panel co-integration, common factor, exchange rate, real exchange rate, confidence interval, exchange rates, effective exchange rate, International Economics: General, Simulation Methods,

We combine some newly developed panel co-integration techniques and common factor analysis to analyze the behavior of the real exchange rate (RER) in a sample of 64 developing countries. We study the dynamic of the...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

South Africa

South Africa »

Source: South Africa : The Cyclical Behavior of the Markups and its Implications for Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 2011/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nir Klein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463902155

Keywords: Counter-cyclical markups, output gap-inflation co-movement, inflation, gdp deflator, monetary economics, inflation targeting framework, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection,

The study looks at the cyclical behavior of the markups and assesses its impact on inflation dynamics. The analysis finds that the aggregate level of the private sector's markup is relatively high, thus pointing to...

Determinants of Property Prices in Hong Kong SAR

Determinants of Property Prices in Hong Kong SAR »

Source: Determinants of Property Prices in Hong Kong SAR : Implications for Policy

Volume/Issue: 2011/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Craig , and Changchun Hua

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925949

Keywords: Property price, Co-Integration, Stamp Duty, Loan-to-Value Ratio, residential property, equation, standard errors, cointegration, Urban, Rural

This paper uses an econometric model of residential property prices in Hong Kong SAR to assess the effectiveness of alternative policies in slowing the increase in property prices. The rapid rise in property prices...

The Exchange of Documents between the Fund and Regional Financing Arrangements

The Exchange of Documents between the Fund and Regional Financing Arrangements »

Source: The Exchange of Documents between the Fund and Regional Financing Arrangements

Volume/Issue: 2018/002

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2018

ISBN: 9781498307178

Keywords: International monetary system, Central bank role, Financial safety nets, Central banks, Balance of payments need, transmittal, non-routine, co-financing, RFA, document share

"The changing contours of the global economy and the rapid transformation of the global financial safety net (GFSN) have strengthened the case for more structured collaboration between its different layers, particu...

Inflation Co-Movement in Emerging and Developing Asia: The Monsoon Effect

Inflation Co-Movement in Emerging and Developing Asia: The Monsoon Effect »

Source: Inflation Co-Movement in Emerging and Developing Asia: The Monsoon Effect

Volume/Issue: 2019/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Blagrave

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498321761

Keywords: Nominal effective exchange rate, Inflation targeting, Inflation rates, Inflation expectations, Monetary policy, Inflation, spillovers, co-movement, weather, core inflation

Co-movement (synchronicity) in inflation rates among a set of 13 emerging and developing countries in Asia is shown to be strongest for the food component, partly due to common rainfall shocks-a result which the pa...

On the Pattern of Currency Blocs in Africa

On the Pattern of Currency Blocs in Africa »

Source: On the Pattern of Currency Blocs in Africa

Volume/Issue: 2005/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860641

Keywords: Anchor, Currency Bloc, Comovement of Prices and Output, Trade Network Externalities, monetary union, inflation, average trade, trade share, monetary integration, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

This paper seeks to elucidate the debate over currency union in Africa. The paper examines whether empirical investigation points to the gradual emergence of currency blocs. Based on the historical data on inflatio...

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2002/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851601

Keywords: foreign currency, inflation, monetary policy, high inflation, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: General, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Co-currency Circulation, Kalman Filter, Currency Board Arrangement,

Cambodia became dollarized suddenly in the early 1990s, as a result of massive dollar inflows stemming from a postconflict situation. Considering that the amount of dollars in circulation is unusually high, we atte...