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Foreign Currency Deposits and International Liquidity Shortages in Pakistan

Foreign Currency Deposits and International Liquidity Shortages in Pakistan »

Source: Foreign Currency Deposits and International Liquidity Shortages in Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2004/167

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abbas Mirakhor , and Iqbal Zaidi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451858211

Keywords: Financial Development, external borrowing, capital inflows, capital markets, international capital markets, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies the implications of foreign currency deposits (FCDs) for international liquidity shortages in Pakistan. The analysis focuses on how the large volume of FCDs and the specific institutional charact...

From Autarky to Integration

From Autarky to Integration »

Source: From Autarky to Integration : Imitation, Foreign Borrowing, and Growth

Volume/Issue: 1998/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451928907

Keywords: Growth, Imitation, Innovation, Knowledge Gap, Foreign Borrowing, capital markets, human capital, capital controls, capital mobility, international capital markets

The effects on growth of the integration of an autarkic country into the world economy are analyzed, focusing on the differing roles of imitation and innovation in human capital accumulation. The country initially...

External Borrowing by the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

External Borrowing by the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: External Borrowing by the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union : Developments and Policy Issues

Volume/Issue: 1997/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849301

Keywords: external financing, external debt, capital market borrowing, debt service, external borrowing

Many countries among the Baltics, Russia and other CIS states are increasingly borrowing on international capital markets, a development that generally reflects their success in achieving financial stabilization. I...

Sovereign Defaults

Sovereign Defaults »

Source: Sovereign Defaults : The Role of Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2002/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bennett Sutton , and Luis Catão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451856903

Keywords: Macroeconomic Volatility, capital inflows, capital markets, sovereign defaults, international borrowing, International Lending and Debt Problems,

While the relationship between volatility and credit risk is central to much of the literature on finance and banking, it has been largely neglected in empirical macro studies on sovereign defaults. This paper pres...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?1

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?1 »

Source: Local Government Financing Platforms in China : A Fortune or Misfortune?

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

ISBN: 9781475599671

Keywords: local government, capital markets, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue, General, and capital markets,

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

IMF Policy Paper: Eligibility to use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020

IMF Policy Paper: Eligibility to use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020 »

Source: Eligibility to Use the Fund's Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537047

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, International financial markets, Commercial borrowing, Market analysis, Access to capital markets, PP, market access, concessional, international financial market, eligibility

This paper concludes that the existing framework remains broadly appropriate, but proposes methodological refinements to improve the assessment of market access, clarifies how serious short-term vulnerabilities are...

IMF Executive Board Discusses “Eligibility to Use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing”

IMF Executive Board Discusses “Eligibility to Use the Fund’s Facilities for Concessional Financing” »

Source: Eligibility to Use the Fund's Facilities for Concessional Financing, 2020

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2020

ISBN: 9781513537047

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, International financial markets, Commercial borrowing, Market analysis, Access to capital markets, PP, market access, concessional, international financial market, eligibility

This paper concludes that the existing framework remains broadly appropriate, but proposes methodological refinements to improve the assessment of market access, clarifies how serious short-term vulnerabilities are...

Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets

Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets »

Source: Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2010/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Michael Papaioannou , and Christoph Trebesch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

ISBN: 9781451961942

Keywords: Sovereign default, Private sector access, capital markets, external borrowing, sovereign defaults,

Top down spillovers of sovereign default risk can have serious consequences for the private sector in emerging markets. This paper analyzes the effects of these spillovers using firm-level data from 31 emerging mar...

The Design and Effectiveness of Collective Action Clauses

The Design and Effectiveness of Collective Action Clauses »

Source: The Design and Effectiveness of Collective Action Clauses

Volume/Issue: 2002/029

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2002

ISBN: 9781498328487

Keywords: Bonds, Collective action clauses, Commercial borrowing, Debt restructuring, Domestic debt, Bond issues, International capital markets, Financial institutions, PP, bondholder

...

Staff Guidance Note on the Implementation of Public Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs

Staff Guidance Note on the Implementation of Public Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: Staff Guidance Note on the Implementation of Public Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2015/027

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 2015

ISBN: 9781498344609

Keywords: Borrowing, Concessional aid, Conditionality, External debt, Fund policies, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Public debt, Domestic debt, Access to international capital markets, Social security funds

In December 2014, the Executive Board approved new guidelines on the use of public debt limits in Fund-supported programs. The new guidelines enter into effect on June 30, 2015. The key changes with respect to the...