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Romania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Romania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Romania : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2004/220

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451832792

Keywords: budget, state budget, public sector, budget constraints, hard budget constraints

This Selected Issues paper for Romania reports that the practice of nonpayment and arrears accumulation has been widespread in Romania. Managers of enterprises that remain in the pipeline for privatization for long...

Romania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Romania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Romania : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2004/220

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451832792

Keywords: budget, state budget, public sector, budget constraints, hard budget constraints

This Selected Issues paper for Romania reports that the practice of nonpayment and arrears accumulation has been widespread in Romania. Managers of enterprises that remain in the pipeline for privatization for long...

Romania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Romania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Romania : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2004/220

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451832792

Keywords: budget, state budget, public sector, budget constraints, hard budget constraints

This Selected Issues paper for Romania reports that the practice of nonpayment and arrears accumulation has been widespread in Romania. Managers of enterprises that remain in the pipeline for privatization for long...

Optimal Intertemporal Taxationon Consumption and the Term Structure of Government Debt

Optimal Intertemporal Taxationon Consumption and the Term Structure of Government Debt »

Source: Optimal Intertemporal Taxationon Consumption and the Term Structure of Government Debt

Volume/Issue: 1988/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451942729

Keywords: equation, taxation, equations, tax rates, budget constraint

This paper addresses the time-consistency problem of optimal policy when intertemporal prices are inflexible. For small, open economies facing given world interest rates, it shows that a consumption tax, rather tha...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 August 2003

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061538.051

ISBN: 9781589061538

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2003

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061545.051

ISBN: 9781589061545

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2003

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061552.051

ISBN: 9781589061552

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Sous la protection de l'ombre
			: La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061514.051

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Local Governments’ Fiscal Balance, Privatization, and Banking Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Local Governments’ Fiscal Balance, Privatization, and Banking Sector Reform in Transition Countries »

Source: Local Governments' Fiscal Balance, Privatization, and Banking Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2012/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504118

Keywords: Soft budget constraints, Transition, fiscal autonomy, budget constraints, fiscal discipline, State and Local Borrowing,

Several transition economies have undertaken fiscal decentralization reforms over the past two decades along with liberalization, privatization, and stabilization reforms. Theory predicts that decentralization may...

From Deficit Delusion to the Fiscal Balance Rule:

From Deficit Delusion to the Fiscal Balance Rule: »

Source: From Deficit Delusion to the Fiscal Balance Rule

Volume/Issue: 1989/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451971002

Keywords: fiscal policy, fiscal balance, budget constraint, loose fiscal policy, budget constraints

Although the deficit is a useful construct for Keynesian analyses of fiscal policy, the deficit appears to be a less useful measure of fiscal policy within all but a restricted class of intertemporal neoclassical m...