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Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems
			: The Role of Early Warning Systems

Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems : The Role of Early Warning Systems »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , Andrew Berg , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758286.084

ISBN: 9781557758286

Keywords: currency crises, probability, balance of payments, contagion, currency crisis

Recent years have witnessed an increase in the frequency of currency and balance of payments crises in developing countries. More important, the crises have become more virulent, have caused widespread disruption t...

World Economic Outlook, October 2009
			: Sustaining the Recovery

World Economic Outlook, October 2009 : Sustaining the Recovery »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2010

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068964.081

ISBN: 9781589068964

Keywords: Economic growth, monetary policy, current account, inflation, banking crises, banking, employment, current account balance, central banks, commodity prices

This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores the prospects for growth in the aftermath of the financial crisis. The fragile nature of the recovery will present many challenges. These include the need for con...

World Economic Outlook, October 2009
			: Sustaining the Recovery

World Economic Outlook, October 2009 : Sustaining the Recovery »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2009

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068988.081

ISBN: 9781589068988

Keywords: Economic growth, monetary policy, current account, inflation, banking crises, banking, employment, current account balance, central banks, commodity prices

This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores the prospects for growth in the aftermath of the financial crisis. The fragile nature of the recovery will present many challenges. These include the need for con...

World Economic Outlook, October 2009
			: Sustaining the Recovery

World Economic Outlook, October 2009 : Sustaining the Recovery »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2009

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069138.081

ISBN: 9781589069138

Keywords: Economic growth, monetary policy, current account, inflation, banking crises, banking, employment, current account balance, central banks, commodity prices

This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores the prospects for growth in the aftermath of the financial crisis. The fragile nature of the recovery will present many challenges. These include the need for con...

World Economic Outlook, October 2009
			: Sustaining the Recovery

World Economic Outlook, October 2009 : Sustaining the Recovery »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504954893.081

ISBN: 9787504954893

Keywords: Economic growth, monetary policy, current account, inflation, banking crises, banking, employment, current account balance, central banks, commodity prices

This edition of the World Economic Outlook explores the prospects for growth in the aftermath of the financial crisis. The fragile nature of the recovery will present many challenges. These include the need for con...

Contagion

Contagion »

Source: Contagion : Monsoonal Effects, Spillovers, and Jumps Between Multiple Equilibria

Volume/Issue: 1998/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451856224

Keywords: Balance of payments, contagion, spillovers, multiple equilibria, currency crises, debt crisis, competitiveness

Several concepts of contagion are distinguished. It is argued that only models that admit of multiple equilibria are capable of producing true contagion. A simple balance of payments model is presented to illustrat...

How Can Fiscal Policy Help Avert Currency Crises?1

How Can Fiscal Policy Help Avert Currency Crises?1 »

Source: How Can Fiscal Policy Help Avert Currency Crises?

Volume/Issue: 2000/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2000

ISBN: 9781451859409

Keywords: balance of payments crises, contingent liabilities, currency crisis, fiscal policy rules, fiscal adjustment

An overview of crisis episodes in emerging-market economies with a pegged exchange rate regime in the 1990s suggests that sizable explicit or implicit government deficits, or market perceptions of lack of fiscal su...

The Optimal Level of International Reserves for Emerging Market Countries

The Optimal Level of International Reserves for Emerging Market Countries »

Source: The Optimal Level of International Reserves for Emerging Market Countries : Formulas and Applications

Volume/Issue: 2006/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864892

Keywords: Balance of Payments Crises, probability, domestic absorption, calibration, short-term debt, external debt,

We present a model of the optimal level of international reserves for a small open economy that is vulnerable to sudden stops in capital flows. Reserves allow the country to smooth domestic absorption in response t...

International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region

International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region »

Source: International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region

Volume/Issue: 2008/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Floerkemeier , and Mariusz Sumlinski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869033

Keywords: Balance of Payments Crises, reserve holdings, capital markets, international capital markets, risk aversion, international capital,

In recent years, the South Caucasus and Central Asia countries (CCA-6) have received significant foreign exchange inflows. While a healthy reserve buffer is desirable to selfinsure against external crises, holding...

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises »

Source: Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Volume/Issue: 2009/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872811

Keywords: Balance of payments anti-crises, inflation dynamics, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation targeting,

Several emerging economies have, until recently, experienced large government surpluses and accelerating foreign exchange reserve accumulation. This has been accompanied by economic booms, exchange rate appreciatio...