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Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

Estimation of Trade Protection in Middle East and North African Countries

Estimation of Trade Protection in Middle East and North African Countries »

Source: Estimation of Trade Protection in Middle East and North African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maria-Angels Oliva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451844511

Keywords: rankings, tariff rates, average tariff, tariff levels, trade liberalization

This paper studies the structure and evolution of trade protection in the Middle East and North African (MENA) countries in the 1990s. MENA countries use tariffs and nontariff barriers, and tariff dispersion and no...

Two approaches to pricing pollution

Two approaches to pricing pollution »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , Christina van Breugel , Mattias Enggaard , Jes Erik Jessen , Christopher Sköld , and Ulrika Stavlöt

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327220

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Cap and Trade Method, Pricing Pollution, Average Abatement Cost, Working Group on Environment and Economy (MEG), Working Group for SCP (HKP), Nordic Council of Ministers

In comparison is the commonly used Cap and Trade method with an alternative and novel method for pricing pollution: The aim was to conduct a practical approach to clarify advantages and challenges of the respective...

Trade Creation and Diversion Revisited

Trade Creation and Diversion Revisited »

Source: Trade Creation and Diversion Revisited : Accounting for Model Uncertainty and Natural Trading Partner Effects

Volume/Issue: 2008/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Christian Henn , and Theo Eicher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869286

Keywords: Trade Creation and Trade Diversion, Preferential Trade Agreements, Bayesian Model Averaging, Country-Pair Fixed Effects, trade creation, trade flows, trade diversion, bilateral trade, trade agreements,

Trade theories covering Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) are as diverse as the literature in search of their empirical support. To account for the model uncertainty that surrounds the validity of the competing...

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean »

Source: Trade and Integration in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2002/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Chandima Mendis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451856835

Keywords: integration, gravity model, dummy variable, equation, trade liberalization, bilateral trade, average trade, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Bahamas,

This paper analyzes trade in the Caribbean community (CARICOM) using a gravity model framework. The paper seeks to shed light on the dynamics of trade among CARICOM member countries, as well with the rest of world...

Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion?

Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion? »

Source: Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion?

Volume/Issue: 2006/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Romalis , and Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862706

Keywords: Preference erosion, comparative advantage, tariff cuts, average tariff, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper assesses the effects of reducing tariffs under the Doha Round on market access for developing countries. It shows that for many developing countries, actual preferential access is less generous than it a...

The CFA Arrangements

The CFA Arrangements »

Source: The CFA Arrangements : More than Just An Aid Substitute?

Volume/Issue: 2007/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865837

Keywords: International Risk Sharing, inflation, terms of trade, price stability, terms of trade shocks, average inflation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

The CFA franc zone has had one of the longest experiences with a fixed exchange rate for a convertible currency and regional integration of any group of developing countries. France, the anchor country, provides ai...

Trade, Growth, and Poverty

Trade, Growth, and Poverty »

Source: Trade, Growth, and Poverty : A Selective Survey

Volume/Issue: 2003/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Anne Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451844931

Keywords: growth, trade protection, openness, trade liberalization, tariff rates, trade openness, average tariff, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This survey of the recent literature asks: how important is trade policy for poverty reduction? We consider the effects of openness on poverty in two components: the effect of openness on average income growth, and...

Trade Liberalization and Real Exchange Rate Movement

Trade Liberalization and Real Exchange Rate Movement »

Source: Trade Liberalization and Real Exchange Rate Movement

Volume/Issue: 2003/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiangming Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854749

Keywords: real exchange rate, exchange rate, average tariff, exchange rates, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General,

Although theory suggests that the real exchange rate should depreciate after a credible trade liberalization but could appreciate temporarily with a noncredible one, little empirical evidence exists. Unlike existin...

On the Pattern of Currency Blocs in Africa

On the Pattern of Currency Blocs in Africa »

Source: On the Pattern of Currency Blocs in Africa

Volume/Issue: 2005/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860641

Keywords: Anchor, Currency Bloc, Comovement of Prices and Output, Trade Network Externalities, monetary union, inflation, average trade, trade share, monetary integration, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

This paper seeks to elucidate the debate over currency union in Africa. The paper examines whether empirical investigation points to the gradual emergence of currency blocs. Based on the historical data on inflatio...