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World Economic Outlook, September 2011
			: Slowing Growth, Rising Risks

World Economic Outlook, September 2011 : Slowing Growth, Rising Risks »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2011

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351205.081

ISBN: 9781616351205

Keywords: Asia, Budget deficits, Capital inflows, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Current account balances, Economic growth, Economic indicators, Energy prices, Fiscal sustainability

The September 2011 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which is now in a dangerous new phase. Global activity has weakened and become more uneven, confidence has fal...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2012

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352677.081

ISBN: 9781616352677

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352684.081

ISBN: 9781616352684

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2012

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352721.081

ISBN: 9781616352721

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

The Spending and Absorption of Aid in PRGF Supported Programs

The Spending and Absorption of Aid in PRGF Supported Programs »

Source: The Spending and Absorption of Aid in PRGF Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2008/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jan Martijn , Markus Berndt , Abu Shonchoy , and Paolo Dudine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451870954

Keywords: spending and absorption, PRGF, fiscal deficit, current account, current account deficit, current account deficits, account deficits,

This paper studies the spending and absorption of aid in PRGF-supported programs, verifies whether the use aid is programmed to be smoothed over time, and analyzes how considerations about macroeconomic stability i...

Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency

Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency »

Source: Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2012/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933821

Keywords: debt, deficits, interest, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Over the past three decades, large and persistent discrepancies between the annual change in public debt and the budget deficit, so-called stock-flow adjustments, were a prominent feature of debt dynamics in many e...

France

France »

Source: France : Lessons from Past Fiscal Consolidation Plans

Volume/Issue: 2011/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Edouard Martin , Irina Yakadina , and Irina Tytell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455233151

Keywords: government deficit, public finances, budget law, fiscal deficit, And Revenue, national Government Expenditures And Related Policies, national Budget, Deficit, And Debt,

This paper analyzes past fiscal consolidation plans and their outcomes in France. It covers the early attempts at fiscal consolidation in the 1970s and the 1980s (Plan Barre and Virage de la Rigueur), the first epi...

Implementing the Stability and Growth Pact

Implementing the Stability and Growth Pact »

Source: Implementing the Stability and Growth Pact : Enforcement and Procedural Flexibility

Volume/Issue: 2005/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roel Beetsma , and Xavier Debrun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860788

Keywords: Stability and Growth Pact, procedural flexibility, deficits, structural reforms, fiscal framework, expenditure, excessive deficits, Investment, and Finance, Taxation

The paper analyzes some key policy trade-offs involved in the implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact. Greater "procedural" flexibility in the Pact's implementation may improve welfare. Procedural flexibili...

The Impact of Cyclical Factors on the U. S. Balance of Payments

The Impact of Cyclical Factors on the U. S. Balance of Payments »

Source: The Impact of Cyclical Factors on the U. S. Balance of Payments

Volume/Issue: 2002/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Magda Kandil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451846485

Keywords: capital and financial account, current account balance, current account deficit, current account deficits, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

Real GDP growth and real effective exchange rate (REER) appreciation appear cointegrated with the current and financial accounts of the U.S. balance of payments. On this basis, we estimate reduced form equations sh...

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules: Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules: Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability »

Source: Second-Generation Fiscal Rules : Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability

Volume/Issue: 2018/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Xavier Debrun , Andrew Hodge , Victor Lledo , and Catherine Pattillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484350683

Keywords: Debt, Fiscal policy, Fiscal rules, deficit bias, fiscal governance, Structure and Scope of Government, Deficit

Fiscal rule frameworks have evolved significantly in response to the global financial crisis. Many countries have reformed their fiscal rules or introduced new ones with a view to enhancing the credibility of fisca...