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Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Source: Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...

Trade Liberalization in Peru

Trade Liberalization in Peru »

Source: Trade Liberalization in Peru : Adjustment Costs Amidst High Labor Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2017/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elin Baldárrago , and Gonzalo Salinas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475585568

Keywords: Trade liberalization, Peru, Poverty, Tariff, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses, General

While trade integration has been an engine of global growth and prosperity some sectors have been negatively affected by increased imports competition, as expected in theory. Higher labor mobility could lower these...

Gauging Housing Supply in Canada

Gauging Housing Supply in Canada »

Source: Gauging Housing Supply in Canada : A Stock Approach

Volume/Issue: 2015/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julien Reynaud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513577784

Keywords: Real Estate, household, housing stock, housing units, construction, Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses, Housing Demand, Housing Supply and Markets,

This paper estimates Canada's housing stock to gauge the supply-side component of the recent exuberance in the Canadian housing sector. The paper adds to the current related literature by focusing on housing units...

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India »

Source: Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India

Volume/Issue: 2010/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455208838

Keywords: Tariff, tariff cuts, trade protection, trade reforms, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

This paper uses the 1991 Indian trade liberalization to measure the impact of trade liberalization on poverty, and to examine the mechanisms underpinning this impact. Variation in sectoral composition across distri...

Institutions versus Geography

Institutions versus Geography »

Source: Institutions versus Geography : Subnational Evidence from the United States

Volume/Issue: 2006/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alma Romero-Barrutieta , and Eric Clifton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864298

Keywords: institutions, geography, Appalachia, econometrics, probability, growth rates, instrumental variable, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Empirical studies of the impact of geography and institutions on growth and development at the international level have become common place, but the high degree of abstraction at that level has led to calls for sub...

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence »

Source: Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Volume/Issue: 2012/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475503272

Keywords: Structural reforms, regional convergence, equation, wage, minimum wage, severance payment, statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Which structural reforms affect the speed the regional convergence within a country? We found that domestic financial development, trade/current account openness, better institutional infrastructure, and selected l...

Trends and Challenges in Infrastructure Investment in Low-Income Developing Countries1

Trends and Challenges in Infrastructure Investment in Low-Income Developing Countries1 »

Source: Trends and Challenges in Infrastructure Investment in Low-Income Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Gurara , Vladimir Klyuev , Nkunde Mwase , Andrea Presbitero , Xin Cindy Xu , and Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484324837

Keywords: Infrastructure; Public Investment; Public-Private Partnerships; Developing Countries, Infrastructure, Public Investment, Public-Private Partnerships, Developing Countries, General, Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses

This paper examines trends in infrastructure investment and its financing in low-income developing countries (LIDCs). Following an acceleration of public investment over the last 15 years, the stock of infrastructu...

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind?

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind? »

Source: Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind?

Volume/Issue: 2006/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Catriona Purfield

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863635

Keywords: Conversions, State Level Growth, employment, per capita income, growth rates, growth rate, General Outlook and Conditions, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses

This paper examines how growth has varied across India's states. It finds that (i) the income gap between rich and poor states has widened; (ii) rich and faster-growing states have been more effective in reducing p...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa »

Source: The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Effects of Timeliness on the Trade Pattern between Primary and Processed Goods1

Effects of Timeliness on the Trade Pattern between Primary and Processed Goods1 »

Source: Effects of Timeliness on the Trade Pattern between Primary and Processed Goods

Volume/Issue: 2017/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Suprabha Baniya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475585537

Keywords: Comparative advantage, Trade, Transportation Infrastructure, Time Sensitivity, Input-Output Linkages, Global Value Chains, Intermediate Inputs, Trade Costs, Logistics, General

This paper investigates the effect of timeliness in accessing the intermediate inputs on the trade pattern. In particular, any country that has a higher ability to transport goods on time has a comparative advantag...