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Exchange Rate Choices with Inflexible Markets and Costly Price Adjustments*

Exchange Rate Choices with Inflexible Markets and Costly Price Adjustments* »

Source: Exchange Rate Choices with Inflexible Markets and Costly Price Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2017/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tara Iyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484305980

Keywords: Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Commodity Exporters, Incomplete Financial Markets, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Agriculture in International Trade, General

This paper analyzes the appropriate choice of an exchange rate regime in agricultural commodity-exporting economies. In an open economy model that incorporates key structural characteristics of agricultural commodi...

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality »

Source: Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality : Evidence From India

Volume/Issue: 2005/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prachi Mishra , and Utsav Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860399

Keywords: wage premium, wage, unskilled workers, wage differentials, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

We evaluate empirically the impact of the dramatic 1991 trade liberalization in India on the industry wage structure. The empirical strategy uses variation in industry wage premiums and trade policy across industri...

Fear of Service Outsourcing

Fear of Service Outsourcing »

Source: Fear of Service Outsourcing : Is It Justified?

Volume/Issue: 2004/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451859492

Keywords: Outsourcing, business services, information services, employment growth, computer and information services, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Trade: Other,

The recent media and political attention on service outsourcing from developed to developing countries gives the impression that outsourcing is exploding. As a result, workers in industrial countries are anxious ab...

Still Attached? Are Social Safety Nets Working? Labor Force Participation in European Regions

Still Attached? Are Social Safety Nets Working? Labor Force Participation in European Regions »

Source: Still Attached? Are Social Safety Nets Working? Labor Force Participation in European Regions

Volume/Issue: 2018/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benjamin Hilgenstock , and Zsoka Koczan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484367636

Keywords: Labor force participation, exposure to routinization, exposure to offshoring, technology, automation, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Globalization: Labor, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

The paper examines the evolution and drivers of labor force participation in European regions, focusing on the effects of trade and technology. As in the United States, rural regions within European countries saw m...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages

The Impact of Tradeon Wages »

Source: The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small?

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...

Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments

Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments »

Source: Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments : Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform

Volume/Issue: 2007/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eric Edmonds , Nina Pavcnik , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866582

Keywords: Child Labor, Literacy, schooling, school attendance, primary schools, returns to education, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

Do the short and medium term adjustment costs associated with trade liberalization influence schooling and child labor decisions? We examine this question in the context of India's 1991 tariff reforms. Overall, in...

Assessing Competitiveness Using Industry Unit Labor Costs

Assessing Competitiveness Using Industry Unit Labor Costs »

Source: Assessing Competitiveness Using Industry Unit Labor Costs : An Application to Slovakia

Volume/Issue: 2012/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475503289

Keywords: competitiveness, exchange rate, exchange rate misalignment, real exchange rate, exchange rates, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Slovakia,

Conceptual ambiguities and statistical weaknesses hamper the assessment of external competitiveness. The term competitiveness, while applied extensively, is often imprecisely defined, which can result in analytical...

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1 »

Source: Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

International Spillover of Labor Market Reforms

International Spillover of Labor Market Reforms »

Source: International Spillover of Labor Market Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2008/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Dao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869736

Keywords: policy spillover, unionized labor markets, open economy model, labor market, terms of trade, elasticity of substitution, bargaining power, labor supply, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper uses a dynamic economy model, with unionized labor markets, to analyze the effects of labor market reforms, similar to those recently introduced in Germany, on the domestic and trading partner economies....