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Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Policy

Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Policy »

Source: Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Policy : Frank Ramsey Meets Gramm-Rudman-Hollings

Volume/Issue: 2003/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875225

Keywords: Ramsey approach, tax smoothing, countercyclical policy, primary deficit, tax rates, tax rate, fiscal rules, fiscal rule,

Fiscal rules—legal restrictions on government borrowing, spending, or debt accumulation (like the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act in the United States)—have recently been adopted or considered in several co...

Spend Now, Pay Later? Tax Smoothing and Fiscal Sustainability in South Asia

Spend Now, Pay Later? Tax Smoothing and Fiscal Sustainability in South Asia »

Source: Spend Now, Pay Later? Tax Smoothing and Fiscal Sustainability in South Asia

Volume/Issue: 1999/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1999

ISBN: 9781451848403

Keywords: Tax smoothing, tax tilting, fiscal sustainability, budget surplus, equation, fiscal deficits, government spending

This paper tests a version of Barro’s tax-smoothing model, which assumes intertemporal optimization by a government seeking to minimize the distortionary costs of taxation, using Pakistan and Sri Lankan data...

The Perils of Tax Smoothing

The Perils of Tax Smoothing »

Source: The Perils of Tax Smoothing : Sustainable Fiscal Policy with Random Shocks to Permanent Output

Volume/Issue: 2005/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner , and Kevin Carey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451862263

Keywords: Tax smoothing, sustainability, and forecast error, tax rates, statistics, standard deviation, statistic, forecast error,

If permanent output is uncertain, tax smoothing can be perilous: both debt levels and tax rates are difficult to stabilize and may drift upwards. One practical remedy would be to target the debt. However, our simul...

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing »

Source: Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing : Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications

Volume: 12

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): David Coady , Javier Arze del Granado , Luc Eyraud , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475566949

Keywords: Petroleum products, price smoothing, fuel taxes, price, prices, retail, pricing, volatility

Many developing and emerging countries do not fully pass-through increases in international fuel prices to domestic retail prices, with adverse consequences for fuel tax revenues and tax volatility. The adoption of...

Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy

Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy »

Source: Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy : Evidence from India

Volume/Issue: 1998/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Nilss Olekalns , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451854466

Keywords: Tax smoothing, financial repression, budget surplus, government expenditure, fiscal deficits, budget constraint

India has a long history of running fiscal deficits. Two broad considerations motivate a government to run a deficit: tax smoothing and tax tilting. This paper tests a version of Barro’s tax-smoothing model,...

Probabilistic Sustainability of Public Debt

Probabilistic Sustainability of Public Debt »

Source: Probabilistic Sustainability of Public Debt : A Vector Autoregression Approach for Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey

Volume/Issue: 2006/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner , and Issouf Samaké

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865554

Keywords: Tax smoothing, Sustainability, Historical Decomposition, Primary Surplus, debt ratio, fiscal sustainability, fiscal gap,

This paper examines the sustainability of fiscal policy under uncertainty in three emerging market countries, Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey. For each country, we estimate a vector autoregression (VAR) that includes fi...

Public Debt Management and Bailouts

Public Debt Management and Bailouts »

Source: Public Debt Management and Bailouts

Volume/Issue: 1999/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451852677

Keywords: tax smoothing, portfolio choice, moral hazard, bailouts, public debt management, bonds, public debt, foreign bonds, tax base

This paper addresses how public debt should be managed to reduce the cost of private sector bailouts. It uses a tax smoothing model to show that bailouts affect the timing of government deficits and surpluses as we...

Signaling Fiscal Regime Sustainability

Signaling Fiscal Regime Sustainability »

Source: Signaling Fiscal Regime Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 1999/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , and Francesco Drudi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451850864

Keywords: signaling, fiscal stabilization, tax smoothing, debt sustainability, credit ratings, debt stock, stock of debt, public debt, fiscal regime, primary deficit

This paper proposes a signaling model that offers a new perspective on why governments deviate from optimal tax smoothing and delay debt stabilization. In our model, dependable—but not fully credible—...

Fiscal Sustainability

Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Fiscal Sustainability : A 21st Century Guide for the Perplexed

Volume/Issue: 2013/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2013

ISBN: 9781484381991

Keywords: Intertemporal solvency, tax smoothing, debt stabilization, fiscal rule, stochastic simulation, fiscal adjustment, budget constraint, Deficit, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper critically reviews recent work regarding the sustainability of public debt. It argues that Debt Sustainability Analyses (DSAs) should be more than mere mechanical simulation exercises. Instead, a DSA sho...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1 »

Source: Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...