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How central authorities can support ecodesign
			: Company perspectives

How central authorities can support ecodesign : Company perspectives »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Hans Eric Melin , and Anna-Karin Jönbrink

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317337

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Eco-design, Environmental Footprint, Product Development, Manufacturing Companies, Literature Survey, Simulation of Eco-design

Eco-design presents an integrated approach to develop products with as small environmental footprint as possible taking a life-cycle perspective. However, still, the vast majority of manufacturing companies do not...

Empirical Modeling of Contagion

Empirical Modeling of Contagion »

Source: Empirical Modeling of Contagion : A Review of Methodologies

Volume/Issue: 2004/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mardi Dungey , Renee Fry , Vance Martin , and Brenda Gonzalez-Hermosillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451850130

Keywords: contagion, equation, correlation, covariance, equations, Simulation Methods,

The existing literature suggests a number of alternative methods to test for the presence of contagion during financial market crises. This paper reviews those methods and shows how they are related in a unified fr...

A World Trade Leading Index (WTLI)

A World Trade Leading Index (WTLI) »

Source: A World Trade Leading Index (WTLI)

Volume/Issue: 2015/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Karim Barhoumi , and Laurent Ferrara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498307543

Keywords: factor models., trade, growth rate, variables, Trade Forecasting and Simulation, Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper develops a new monthly World Trade Leading Indicator (WTLI) that relies on nonparametric and parametric approaches. Compared to the CPB World Trade Monitor's benchmark indicator for global trade the WTLI...

Inflation Reports and Models

Inflation Reports and Models »

Source: Inflation Reports and Models : How Well Do Central Banks Really Write?

Volume/Issue: 2014/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Jaromír Hurník , and Katerina Smidkova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

ISBN: 9781498387613

Keywords: Kalman filter, monetary policy communication, inflation, central bank, aggregate demand, Forecasting and Simulation, Forecasting and Simulation,

We offer a novel methodology for assessing the quality of inflation reports. In contrast to the existing literature, which mostly evaluates the formal quality of these reports, we evaluate their economic content by...

On Fixed and Variable Fiscal Surplus Rules

On Fixed and Variable Fiscal Surplus Rules »

Source: On Fixed and Variable Fiscal Surplus Rules

Volume/Issue: 2004/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451854046

Keywords: Debt dynamics, Monte-Carlo simulation, fiscal policy rules, debt ratio, fiscal rules, Simulation Methods,

Fiscal rules are being increasingly used by both emerging and developed economies. This paper analyzes two alternative fiscal policy rules in terms of their impact on debt sustainability: a rule that fixes the rati...

Assessing Default Risks for Chinese Firms

Assessing Default Risks for Chinese Firms »

Source: Assessing Default Risks for Chinese Firms : A Lost Cause?

Volume/Issue: 2015/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Law , and Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513597584

Keywords: default probabilities, equity, market, Asset Pricing, Financial Forecasting and Simulation,

Assessing default risks for Chinese firms is hard. Standard measures of risk using market indicators may be unreliable because of implicit guarantees, the large role played by less-informed investors, and other mar...

Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption

Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption »

Source: Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption

Volume/Issue: 2000/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855043

Keywords: trade forecasting and simulation, reer, equation, equations, statistics, cointegration

The real effective exchange rate is an aggregation of several bilateral real exchange rates with respect to other countries. The aggregation is usually done under the assumption of constant elasticity of substituti...

The Intragenerational Redistributive Effects of Unfunded Pension Programs

The Intragenerational Redistributive Effects of Unfunded Pension Programs »

Source: The Intragenerational Redistributive Effects of Unfunded Pension Programs

Volume/Issue: 1998/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451859089

Keywords: demographics, heterogeneity, redistribution, simulation, annuity markets, life expectancy, retirement

This paper provides a quantitative evaluation of the intracohort redistributive elements of the U.S. social security system in the context of a computable general equilibrium model. It determines how the well-being...

Policy Challenges of Population Aging in Ireland

Policy Challenges of Population Aging in Ireland »

Source: Policy Challenges of Population Aging in Ireland

Volume/Issue: 2007/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Iakova , and Dennis Botman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868104

Keywords: simulation, general equilibrium, pension, pension system, retirement, pensions,

The projected rise in age-related government spending as a share of GDP in Ireland over the next forty years is among the highest in the euro area. In the absence of reforms, public debt will increase to unsustaina...

Global Financial Transmission into Sub-Saharan Africa – A Global Vector Autoregression Analysis

Global Financial Transmission into Sub-Saharan Africa – A Global Vector Autoregression Analysis »

Source: Global Financial Transmission into Sub-Saharan Africa - A Global Vector Autoregression Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2014/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Mehdi Hosseinkouchack , and Alexis Meyer-Cirkel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498305051

Keywords: GVAR, Financial Transmission, prices, output, commodity, equity, commodity prices, Models with Panel Data, Forecasting and Simulation, Forecasting and Simulation,

Sub-Saharan African countries are exposed to spillovers from global financial variables, but the impact on economic activity is more significant in more financially developed economies. Generalized impulse response...