Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 155 items

  • Keyword: Scope x
Clear All Modify Search
Developing the EU Emissions Trading Scheme
			:  - an analysis of some key issues for the Nordic countries

Developing the EU Emissions Trading Scheme : - an analysis of some key issues for the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316316

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, EU Emissions Trading Scheme, Auctioning of Emissions Allowances, Scope of the EU ETS, Simplification, Exclusion of Certain Small Installations, Excessive Administrative Costs

The EU Commissions is currently review the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). Three are of special interest for the Nordic countries: auctioning of emissions allowances, simplification of the rules for small instal...

Comparative study of legislation and legal practices in the Nordic countries concerning labour inspection

Comparative study of legislation and legal practices in the Nordic countries concerning labour inspection »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289322409

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Legislation, Legal Practices Concerning Labour Inspections, Inspection is Administered, Scope of Legislation, Occupational Safety and Health, Employment of Workers

The objective of this study was to find out how legislation and legal practices concerning labour inspections differ in the Nordic countries. To accomplish this, individual eports on each Nordic country were made....

Extensive Margin Adjustment of Multi-Product Firm and Risk Diversification*

Extensive Margin Adjustment of Multi-Product Firm and Risk Diversification* »

Source: Extensive Margin Adjustment of Multi-Product Firm and Risk Diversification

Volume/Issue: 2017/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Carvalho , Gee Hee Hong , and Jing Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303764

Keywords: Product scope, multi-product firms, risk diversification, firm dynamics, Asset Pricing, Business Objectives of the Firm, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope, General

Product scope adjustment is a key mechanism through which multi-product firms achieve efficient resource allocations. In this paper, we take a novel perspective to study firms' product scope adjustment behavior thr...

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1 »

Source: How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

Reforming Tax Expenditures in Italy: What, Why, and How?1

Reforming Tax Expenditures in Italy: What, Why, and How?1 »

Source: Reforming Tax Expenditures in Italy : What, Why, and How?

Volume/Issue: 2014/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Justin Tyson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484370773

Keywords: Tax expenditures, efficiency, equity, expenditures, tax expenditure, expenditure, tax system, Structure and Scope of Government, Other,

The IMF has advised country authorities to roll back tax expenditures as a way to support fiscal consolidation efforts-urging them to evaluate tax expenditures according to clear criteria, and assessing their impac...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Spending Seigniorage

Spending Seigniorage »

Source: Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

Fiscal Rules at a Glance

Fiscal Rules at a Glance »

Source: Fiscal Rules at a Glance : Country Details from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2012/273

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Tidiane Kinda , Andrea Schaechter , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616359102

Keywords: fiscal governance, rules, legislation, federal budget, legal obligation, regulation, Structure and Scope of Government, Deficit,

This paper provides country-specific information on fiscal rules in use in 81 countries from 1985 to end-September 2012. It serves as background material and update of the July 2012 Working Paper 'Fiscal Rules in R...

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules: Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules: Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability »

Source: Second-Generation Fiscal Rules : Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability

Volume/Issue: 2018/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Xavier Debrun , Andrew Hodge , Victor Lledo , and Catherine Pattillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484350683

Keywords: Debt, Fiscal policy, Fiscal rules, deficit bias, fiscal governance, Structure and Scope of Government, Deficit

Fiscal rule frameworks have evolved significantly in response to the global financial crisis. Many countries have reformed their fiscal rules or introduced new ones with a view to enhancing the credibility of fisca...

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules: Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability - Technical Background Papers

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules: Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability - Technical Background Papers »

Source: Second-Generation Fiscal Rules : Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability

Volume/Issue: 2018/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Xavier Debrun , Andrew Hodge , Victor Lledo , and Catherine Pattillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484350683

Keywords: Debt, Fiscal policy, Fiscal rules, deficit bias, fiscal governance, Structure and Scope of Government, Deficit

Fiscal rule frameworks have evolved significantly in response to the global financial crisis. Many countries have reformed their fiscal rules or introduced new ones with a view to enhancing the credibility of fisca...