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Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan »

Source: Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan : Why, When, How?

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Kenneth Kang , Michael Keen , Mahmood Pradhan , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

ISBN: 9781463902889

Keywords: Consumption taxes, Revenue measures, Japan, Tax increases, Tax revenues, Value added tax, Consumption tax, VAT, fiscal adjustment, social security

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

From Stimulus to Consolidation - Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation - Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation - Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Volume/Issue: 2010/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2010

ISBN: 9781498337359

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Revenue measures, Revenues, Tax reforms

This review marks the 10th anniversary of the safeguards policy. Introduced in March 2000, the policy's main objective is to mitigate potential risks of misuse of resources, including Fund resources, and misreporti...

Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative

Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative »

Source: Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative : A First Assessment of Eligible Countries--Supplemental Information

Volume/Issue: 2005/090

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

ISBN: 9781498330688

Keywords: Multilateral debt relief initiative, Public expenditure management, Debt relief, Balance of payments, Multilateral debt, Tax revenue, remedial action, remedial measure, PRGF, macroeconomic performance

This supplement summarizes new information available to staff since the issuance of The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative: A First Assessment of Eligible Countries (December 8, 2005). It focuses on the six member...

Is the WTO a World Tax Organization?

Is the WTO a World Tax Organization? »

Source: Is the WTO a World Tax Organization? : A Primer for WTO Rules for Policy Makers

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Michael Daly

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2016

ISBN: 9781498329798

Keywords: Balance of payments, Tax revenue, Economic theory, Economic reforms, Tax administration, Tax, Trade, TNM, WTO rule, tax measure

This paper examines the extent to which World Trade Organization (WTO) rules impinge on policymakers' freedom to formulate tax policies. It provides an overview of both the economic rationale for WTO rules concerni...

Lao People's Democratic Republic - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank

Lao People's Democratic Republic - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank »

Source: Lao People's Democratic Republic - Assessment Letter for the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank

Volume/Issue: 2005/078

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2005

ISBN: 9781498331722

Keywords: Asian Development Bank, Economic conditions, Lao People's Democratic Republic, World Bank, Central banks, Economic growth, Banking systems, Revenue measures, PP, article IV consultation

This note provides an update of the assessment of Lao P.D.R.'s macroeconomic conditions and outlook presented at the time of the 2004 Article IV...

Kingdom of Swaziland - Assessment Letter for Multilateral and Bilateral Donors

Kingdom of Swaziland - Assessment Letter for Multilateral and Bilateral Donors »

Source: Kingdom of Swaziland - Assessment Letter for Multilateral and Bilateral Donors

Volume/Issue: 2011/029

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 2011

ISBN: 9781498338967

Keywords: Assessment letters, Budget deficits, Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal policy, Stabilization measures, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, National accounts, Public sector wages

This letter provides an assessment of recent macroeconomic developments in Swaziland and an update on the discussions between IMF staff and the Swaziland authorities. Swaziland faces a fiscal crisis caused by an 11...

Globalization, Financial Markets, and Fiscal Policy

Globalization, Financial Markets, and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Globalization, Financial Markets, and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2007/051

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2007

ISBN: 9781498333191

Keywords: Capital flows, Economic growth, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Globalization, Government expenditures, Stabilization measures, Tax revenues, Economic integration, Economic policy

This paper examines how fiscal policy can contribute to realizing the benefits of two important ongoing developments, globalization and financial deepening....

Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Fragile States

Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Fragile States »

Source: Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Enrique Gelbard , Corinne Deléchat , Ejona Fuli , Mumtaz Hussain , Ulrich Jacoby , Dafina Glaser , Marco Pani , Gustavo Ramirez , and Rui Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513550015

Keywords: Ethiopia, Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Mali, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Stabilization measures

This paper analyzes the persistence of fragility in some sub-Saharan African states and the multiple dimensions of state weakness that are simultaneously at play. This study also provides an overview of the analyti...

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis1

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis1 »

Source: Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/10

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Shamsuddin Tareq , Andrew Berg , Victor Lledo , Antonio Spilimbergo , Rolando Ossowski , Irene Yackovlev , Norbert Funke , Alejandro Hajdenberg , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2009

ISBN: 9781462335404

Keywords: Emerging markets, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Commodities, Commodity price fluctuations, Developing countries, Infrastructure, Government expenditures, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets

The global financial crisis poses significant challenges to fiscal policies in Sub-Saharan African countries. Growth will weaken considerably as export prices and volumes, remittances, tourism, and capital flows de...

Women in the Labor Force

Women in the Labor Force »

Source: Women in the Labor Force : The Role of Fiscal Policies

Volume/Issue: 2020/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Anna Fruttero , Daniel Gurara , Lisa Kolovich , Vivian Malta , Marina Mendes Tavares , Nino Tchelishvili , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513529134

Keywords: Gender, Labor force policy, Gender equality, Fiscal policy, Labor productivity, Poverty, Poverty and inequality, General equilibrium models, Labor force participation, Labor market policy

Despite the increase in female labor force participation over the past three decades, women still do not have the same opportunities as men to participate in economic activities in most countries. The average femal...