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Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High? »

Source: Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Volume/Issue: 2008/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Milan Zavadjil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870503

Keywords: external liabilities, short-term debt, reserve accumulation

Empirical analysis does not suggest that reserves are "too high" in the majority of Asian countries, though China may be a special case. Much of the reserve increase in Asia can be explained by an optimal insurance...

Exchange Rate Regimes and the Stability of the International Monetary System

Exchange Rate Regimes and the Stability of the International Monetary System »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069312.084

ISBN: 9781589069312

Keywords: Exchange rate regimes, Financial stability, International monetary system, Reserve currencies, Reserves accumulation, Trade integration, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, real exchange rate

The member countries of the International Monetary Fund collaborate to try to assure orderly exchange arrangements and promote a stable system of exchange rates, recognizing that the essential purpose of the intern...

International Reserve Adequacy in the Gambia1

International Reserve Adequacy in the Gambia1 »

Source: International Reserve Adequacy in the Gambia

Volume/Issue: 2010/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugen Tereanu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455208807

Keywords: Reserve adequacy, Optimal reserves, exchange rate, reserve accumulation, International Finance: General, Gambia,

This paper applies intertemporal models of precautionary saving to compute an optimal level of international reserves for The Gambia. The analysis focuses on current account shocks specific to a low-income economy...

South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate–Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate–Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations »

Source: South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate--Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2011

ISBN: 9781475510157

Keywords: Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Reserves accumulation

This paper examines whether a mix of tighter fiscal policy, looser monetary policy, and greater reserve build-up would increase growth and depreciate the rand in real terms. The experience of South Africa over the...

1. Executive Summary

1. Executive Summary »

Source: South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate--Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2011

ISBN: 9781475510157

Keywords: Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Reserves accumulation

Would a tighter fiscal, looser monetary, and greater reserve buildup increase growth and depreciate the rand in real terms? The existing empirical and theoretical literature would say “maybe.” Such a policy...

2. Cross-Country Evidence

2. Cross-Country Evidence »

Source: South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate--Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2011

ISBN: 9781475510157

Keywords: Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Reserves accumulation

The external environment strongly affects emerging markets. Yet, some countries grow faster than others over the same period. Most would accept that economies with lower income levels are gradually catching...

3. Simulations Using the IMF’s Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model

3. Simulations Using the IMF’s Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model »

Source: South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate--Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2011

ISBN: 9781475510157

Keywords: Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Reserves accumulation

The IMF’s GIMF model is a useful tool for analyzing the interaction among macroeconomic policies. It is a dynamic general equilibrium model in which consumers react to incentives created by policy decisions....

4. Insights from the Experience of South Africa

4. Insights from the Experience of South Africa »

Source: South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate--Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2011

ISBN: 9781475510157

Keywords: Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Reserves accumulation

How would a change in the policy mix affect South Africa? Although the cross-country experience and theoretical simulations provide useful context, the question can only be answered properly by exploring the...

5. Conclusions

5. Conclusions »

Source: South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate--Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2011

ISBN: 9781475510157

Keywords: Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Reserves accumulation

What are the effects of fiscal tightening, monetary loosening, and reserve buildup on growth and the real exchange rate? Cross-country evidence and policy simulations with a dynamic general equilibrium model...

Los regímenes de tipo de cambio y la estabilidad del sistema monetario internacional

Los regímenes de tipo de cambio y la estabilidad del sistema monetario internacional »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498324076.084

ISBN: 9781498324076

Keywords: Exchange rate regimes, Financial stability, International monetary system, Reserve currencies, Reserves accumulation, Trade integration, tipo de cambio, régimen de tipo de cambio, tipos de cambio, tipo de cambio real

Los países miembros del Fondo Monetario Internacional colaboran para asegurar que los regímenes cambiarios funcionen ordenadamente y para fomentar la estabilidad del sistema cambiario, reconociendo que el objetivo...