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Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Source: Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...

Financial Development and Economic Growth

Financial Development and Economic Growth »

Source: Financial Development and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 1992/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Guidotti , and Jose De Gregorio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451852455

Keywords: financial intermediation, financial markets, financial repression, financial innovation, financial system

This paper examines the empirical relationship between long–run growth and the degree of financial development, proxied by the ratio of bank credit to the private sector as a fraction of GDP. We find that th...

Does Good Financial Performance Mean Good Financial Intermediation in China?

Does Good Financial Performance Mean Good Financial Intermediation in China? »

Source: Does Good Financial Performance Mean Good Financial Intermediation in China?

Volume/Issue: 2009/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tarhan Feyzioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873177

Keywords: bank efficiency, bank market structure, banking system, financial repression,

Chinese banks generate large profits and have relatively low nonperforming loans. However, good financial performance does not, in itself, guarantee that banks efficiently intermediate the economy's financial resou...

Structural Policies in Developing Countries

Structural Policies in Developing Countries »

Source: Structural Policies in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/19

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451964615

Keywords: International trade, financial markets, interest rates, financial repression, real interest rates

This paper discusses the broad orientation of the economic systems adopted in developing countries. While government-led development strategies were widely followed by developing countries since the 1950s and 1960s...

Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy

Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy »

Source: Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy : Evidence from India

Volume/Issue: 1998/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Nilss Olekalns , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451854466

Keywords: Tax smoothing, financial repression, budget surplus, government expenditure, fiscal deficits, budget constraint

India has a long history of running fiscal deficits. Two broad considerations motivate a government to run a deficit: tax smoothing and tax tilting. This paper tests a version of Barro’s tax-smoothing model,...

The Liquidation of Government Debt1

The Liquidation of Government Debt1 »

Source: The Liquidation of Government Debt

Volume/Issue: 2015/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , and M. Belen Sbrancia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484369234

Keywords: deleveraging, financial repression, debt, interest, interest rates, real interest, General, General, International, or Comparative,

High public debt often produces the drama of default and restructuring. But debt is also reduced through financial repression, a tax on bondholders and savers via negative or belowmarket real interest rates. After...

Financial Repression and Exchange Rate Management in Developing Countries

Financial Repression and Exchange Rate Management in Developing Countries »

Source: Financial Repression and Exchange Rate Management in Developing Countries : Theory and Empirical Evidence for India

Volume/Issue: 2001/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Renu Kohli , and Kenneth Kletzer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852691

Keywords: Financial repression, balance of payments crises, exchange rate, nominal exchange rate, reserve requirements, exchange rate peg, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Most developing countries have imposed restrictions on domestic and international financial transactions at one time or another. Such restrictions have allowed governments to generate significant proportions of the...

Research Summaries: Fiscal Rules

Research Summaries: Fiscal Rules »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, September 2004

Volume/Issue: 5/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451959796

Keywords: fiscal rules, fiscal adjustment, structural reforms, emerging markets, Banks and banking, Bias (economics), Economic History, Financial Liberalization, Financial Repression, International Comparisons

The IMF Research Bulletin, a quarterly publication, selectively summarizes research and analytical work done by various departments at the IMF, and also provides a listing of research documents and other research-r...

Financial Development in Low-Income Countries: Old Questions or New Problems?

Financial Development in Low-Income Countries: Old Questions or New Problems? »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, September 2004

Volume/Issue: 5/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451959796

Keywords: fiscal rules, fiscal adjustment, structural reforms, emerging markets, Banks and banking, Bias (economics), Economic History, Financial Liberalization, Financial Repression, International Comparisons

The IMF Research Bulletin, a quarterly publication, selectively summarizes research and analytical work done by various departments at the IMF, and also provides a listing of research documents and other research-r...

Country Study: China

Country Study: China »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, September 2004

Volume/Issue: 5/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451959796

Keywords: fiscal rules, fiscal adjustment, structural reforms, emerging markets, Banks and banking, Bias (economics), Economic History, Financial Liberalization, Financial Repression, International Comparisons

The IMF Research Bulletin, a quarterly publication, selectively summarizes research and analytical work done by various departments at the IMF, and also provides a listing of research documents and other research-r...