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Fiscal Monitor, October 2017
			: Tackling Inequality

Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312483.089

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

At the global level, inequality has declined substantially over the past three decades, but within national boundaries, the picture is mixed: some countries have experienced a reduction in inequality while others,...

Botswana: Selected Issues

Botswana: Selected Issues »

Source: Botswana : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/235

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504897

Keywords: income inequalities, gini coefficient, child labor, redistributive policies, social safety

Poverty and unemployment remained high in Botswana. The shortcomings of the labor market policies are responsible for a high unemployment rate. This selected issues paper sheds considerable light on ways that Botsw...

Botswana

Botswana »

Source: Botswana : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/235

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504897

Keywords: income inequalities, gini coefficient, child labor, redistributive policies, social safety

Poverty and unemployment remained high in Botswana. The shortcomings of the labor market policies are responsible for a high unemployment rate. This selected issues paper sheds considerable light on ways that Botsw...

The Intragenerational Redistributive Effects of Unfunded Pension Programs

The Intragenerational Redistributive Effects of Unfunded Pension Programs »

Source: The Intragenerational Redistributive Effects of Unfunded Pension Programs

Volume/Issue: 1998/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451859089

Keywords: Pensions, Social security, demographics, heterogeneity, redistribution, simulation, annuity markets, life expectancy, retirement

This paper provides a quantitative evaluation of the intracohort redistributive elements of the U.S. social security system in the context of a computable general equilibrium model. It determines how the well-being...

Regional Income Redistribution and Risk Sharing

Regional Income Redistribution and Risk Sharing »

Source: Regional Income Redistribution and Risk Sharing : How Does Italy Compare in Europe?

Volume/Issue: 1999/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jörg Decressin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451854596

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Italy, Public policy, regions, redistribution, risk sharing, household income, fiscal revenue, capital expenditure

This paper investigates income redistribution and risk sharing among Italy's regions and the implications for public policy. Using a richer data set than in previous works, this study allows for an assessment of pu...

Reforming Capital Taxation in Italy1

Reforming Capital Taxation in Italy1 »

Source: Reforming Capital Taxation in Italy

Volume/Issue: 2014/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484370728

Keywords: Capital taxation, tax efficiency, redistribution, wealth, property tax, tax system, capital taxes, property taxes, General, Household,

This paper reviews capital taxation issues in Italy based on a comprehensive definition encompassing taxes on income, transactions, and ownership. It discusses options to enhance the neutrality of the capital incom...

The Quest for the Holy Grail

The Quest for the Holy Grail »

Source: The Quest for the Holy Grail : Efficient and Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in India

Volume/Issue: 2015/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chadi Abdallah , David Coady , Sanjeev Gupta , and Emine Hanedar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513592657

Keywords: fiscal redistribution, efficient consumption taxes, social transfers, targeting, income, tax, prices, share, taxes, General

Achieving fiscal consolidation without undermining growth and poverty-reduction efforts is a key policy challenge in many countries. Using India as an illustration, this paper shows how a mix of well-designed taxat...

How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria?1

How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria?1 »

Source: How Does the Introduction of Health Insurance Change the Equity of Health Care Provision in Bulgaria?

Volume/Issue: 2006/285

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nora Markova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865455

Keywords: health care financing, equity in health care financing, redistribution, health care, health care system, health care spending, pocket payments, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

The study examines the effect of health care reform in Bulgaria in 1999 on the equity of health care financing. It explores the distribution of different types of health care financing by income. Furthermore, it se...

Redistribution Through Public Employment

Redistribution Through Public Employment »

Source: Redistribution Through Public Employment : The Case of Italy

Volume/Issue: 1999/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephan Danninger , Alberto Alesina , and Massimo Rostagno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451858853

Keywords: Italy, Public sector, Public Employment, Redistribution of Income, Public Policy and Economic Behavior of Agents, employment, unemployment, work experience, job search

This paper examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy and documents two sets of facts. The first is the use of public employment as a subsidy from the North to the less wealthy South. We calcu...

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria »

Source: Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Volume/Issue: 2020/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550190

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Labor policy, Social benefits, Social policy, Inequality, Poverty, Social Protection, Bulgaria, European Union

Absolute poverty has dropped markedly in Bulgaria but income inequality has increased substantially in the aftermath of the GFC. This increase is due to a rise in market income inequality that was compounded by a r...