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Redistribution Through Public Employment

Redistribution Through Public Employment »

Source: Redistribution Through Public Employment : The Case of Italy

Volume/Issue: 1999/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephan Danninger , Alberto Alesina , and Massimo Rostagno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451858853

Keywords: Public Employment, Redistribution of Income, Public Policy and Economic Behavior of Agents, employment, unemployment, work experience, job search

This paper examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy and documents two sets of facts. The first is the use of public employment as a subsidy from the North to the less wealthy South. We calcu...

Insuring Public Finances Against Natural Disasters

Insuring Public Finances Against Natural Disasters »

Source: Insuring Public Finances Against Natural Disasters : A Survey of Options and Recent Initiatives

Volume/Issue: 2006/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hofman , and Patricia Brukoff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451864595

Keywords: public finances, disaster, disasters, natural disasters, hurricane, earthquake, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economic Development: General,

Natural disasters can put severe strain on public finances, in particular in developing and small countries. But catastrophe insurance markets increasingly offer opportunities for the transfer of such risks. Thus f...

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan »

Source: The Impact of Fiscal Consolidation and Structural Reformson Growth in Japan

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pelin Berkmen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211913

Keywords: tax reform, structural policies, public debt, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

With Japan's public debt reaching historical levels, the need for fiscal consolidation and structural reforms have increased. As fiscal consolidation will require a sustained and large adjustment in the fiscal bala...

Public Pension Reform: A Primer

Public Pension Reform: A Primer »

Source: Public Pension Reform : A Primer

Volume/Issue: 2007/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Jousten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451865929

Keywords: household behavior, welfare programs, demographic trends, pension, social insurance, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Social Security and Public Pensions,

The present paper reviews key issues in pension design and pension reform encountered all across the world. The paper heavily refers to the recent U.S. Social Security reform debate in general and to the Personal R...

Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean

Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean »

Source: Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2006/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864120

Keywords: capital stock, public investment, capital goods, capital formation, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT), Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm,

Investment-to-GDP ratios across the Caribbean tend to be relatively high. In many countries, these ratios have been trending higher since the mid-1990s, largely reflecting public investment and foreign direct inves...

Fiscal Sustainability

Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Fiscal Sustainability : The Case of Eritrea

Volume/Issue: 2004/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayumu Yamauchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451842449

Keywords: Endogenous response, Assets and liabilities, debt, external debt, interest, public debt, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

The paper examines fiscal sustainability issues for the case of Eritrea but has wider implications for addressing fiscal and debt sustainability. It begins with a formal definition and explanation of analytical sus...

The Challenge of Fiscal Decentralization in Transition Countries

The Challenge of Fiscal Decentralization in Transition Countries »

Source: The Challenge of Fiscal Decentralization in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , and Paul Wade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2002

ISBN: 9781451852707

Keywords: fiscal reform, transition, decentralization, subnational governments, intergovernmental fiscal, intergovernmental fiscal relations, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General

This paper examines key aspects of the ongoing decentralization process in transition economies and identifies areas where the present systems can have potentially adverse impacts on both service delivery and macro...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policies in the CEMAC Region

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policies in the CEMAC Region »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policies in the CEMAC Region

Volume/Issue: 2011/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gaston Mpatswe , Sampawende Tapsoba , and Robert York

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463902162

Keywords: fiscal procyclicality, monetary union, expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policies, government spending, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy

This paper examines fiscal cyclicality in the CEMAC region during 1980-2008. The issue has attracted very little empirical interest but is important if fiscal policies are to play a role in mitigating external shoc...

Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy"

Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy" »

Source: Considering the IMF's Perspective on a "Sound Fiscal Policy"

Volume/Issue: 2002/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451971019

Keywords: Fiscal policy, IMF, International Monetary Fund, fiscal sustainability, fiscal position, fiscal policies, public debt, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy

This paper provides a perspective on how the IMF assesses a “sound fiscal policy,” focusing principally on industrial and emerging market economies. It observes six central criteria: the short-term fi...

Structural Balances and All That

Structural Balances and All That »

Source: Structural Balances and All That : Which Indicators to Use in Assessing Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2002/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2002

ISBN: 9781451852523

Keywords: Structural balances, weighted budget balance, fiscal position, expenditure, fiscal impulse, aggregate demand, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

Structural indicators of a country's fiscal position are regularly used as estimates of both discretionary changes in fiscal policy and the effect of fiscal policy on aggregate demand. This paper looks at such indi...