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			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Macroeconomic Adjustment and Reform in Planned Economies

Macroeconomic Adjustment and Reform in Planned Economies »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment and Reform in Planned Economies

Volume/Issue: 1990/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

ISBN: 9781451981568

Keywords: excess demand, foreign trade, macroeconomic stabilization, domestic prices, credit policy

This paper examines the relationship between macroeconomic stabilization and market-oriented reform in planned economies. It emphasizes that market-oriented reform should enhance the likelihood that adjustment to e...

Would "Cold Turkey" Work in Turkey?

Would "Cold Turkey" Work in Turkey? »

Source: Would "Cold Turkey" Work in Turkey?

Volume/Issue: 2003/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alessandro Prati , and Oya Celasun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451846867

Keywords: inertia, price rigidities, stabilization, inflation dynamics, monetary economics,

Persistently high inflation rates have led many to believe that inflation in Turkey has become "inertial," posing an obstacle to disinflation. We assess the empirical validity of this argument. We find that the cur...

Nominal Exchange Rate Anchoring Under Inflation Inertia

Nominal Exchange Rate Anchoring Under Inflation Inertia »

Source: Nominal Exchange Rate Anchoring Under Inflation Inertia

Volume/Issue: 2002/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Michael Kumhof , and Oya Celasun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451844924

Keywords: Inflation inertia, staggered pricing, exchange rate based stabilization, inflation rate, monetary economics, relative price, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper develops a theory of inflation inertia based on forward looking staggered price setting in the nontradable goods sector of a small open economy. Unlike current theories of sticky prices, transitions to a...

Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries

Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Valdes , and Eduardo Engel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451854077

Keywords: oil exporting countries, stabilization funds, random walk, oil prices, oil production, samples, stationary process

This paper develops simple guidelines for fiscal policy in oil producing countries, focusing on three issues: intergenerational oil distribution, precautionary saving, and adjustment costs. The paper presents a fra...

Inflation and Growth in Transition

Inflation and Growth in Transition »

Source: Inflation and Growth in Transition : Are the Asian Economies Different?

Volume/Issue: 1999/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Sloek , and Sanja Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451854060

Keywords: Inflation, Transition economies, Asia, growth, structural reforms, inflation stabilization, transition countries, relative price

This paper examines the progress made in four Asian transition economies-China, Lao P.D.R., Vietnam, and Mongolia-to market-based systems. Overall, these economies appear to have had a more favorable experience wit...

Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Optimal Macroprudential Policy and Asset Price Bubbles

Optimal Macroprudential Policy and Asset Price Bubbles »

Source: Optimal Macroprudential Policy and Asset Price Bubbles

Volume/Issue: 2019/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Biljanovska , Lucyna Gornicka , and Alexandros Vardoulakis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2019

ISBN: 9781513511078

Keywords: Economic conditions, Financial crises, Demand, Economic stabilization, Price indexes, Collateral constraints, rational bubbles, macroprudential regulation, optimal policy, WP

An asset bubble relaxes collateral constraints and increases borrowing by credit-constrained agents. At the same time, as the bubble deflates when constraints start binding, it amplifies downturns. We show analytic...

Nepal

Nepal »

Source: Nepal : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/319

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463924010

Keywords: Selected issues, Tax incentives, Price indexes, Consumption taxes, Tax revenue, Economic stabilization, Revenue administration, ISCR, CR, nonfood

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-Rich Countries

Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Macroeconomic Stability in Resource-Rich Countries

Volume/Issue: 2016/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Paulo Medas , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475596465

Keywords: resource-rich countries, procyclical fiscal policy, commodity, prices, price, fiscal policy, General, Models with Panel Data, All Countries,, Natural resources

Resource-rich countries face large and persistent shocks, especially coming from volatile commodity prices. Given the severity of the shocks, it would be expected that these countries adopt countercyclical fiscal p...