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Pension Regimes and Saving

Pension Regimes and Saving »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756404.084

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Public pension systems around the world have been criticized in recent years for some serious flaws, including the excessive burden they impose on the public finances and their depressing impact on saving rates. Th...

Risk Management and the Pension Fund industry

Risk Management and the Pension Fund industry »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451939293.082

ISBN: 9781451939293

Keywords: pension, pension funds, pension fund, pension plans, retirement

This paper looks at the longer-term challenges pension funds face as population age and key issues to address to enhance their risk management practices and their role as long-term investors. The paper focuses prim...

Marine spatial planning in the Nordic region
			: Principles, Perspectives and Opportunities - Outcomes from the Nordic Forum on MPAs in Marine Spatial Planning

Marine spatial planning in the Nordic region : Principles, Perspectives and Opportunities - Outcomes from the Nordic Forum on MPAs in Marine Spatial Planning »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Mette Blæsbjerg , Thomas Kirk Sørensen , Janet Pawlak , and Ole Vestergaard

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318563

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Marine Environment, Marine Spatial Planning, Nordic Forum on MPAs in Marine Spatial Planning, Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic MSP Activities, Nordic Workshop

Increasing demands on resources in the marine area are compromising the future viability of the marine environment and in recent years the need to pursue new approaches for a sustainable use of our seas has become...

Albania
			: From Isolation Toward Reform

Albania : From Isolation Toward Reform »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Johnston , Piroska Nagy , Roy Pepper , Mauro Mecagni , Ratna Sahay , Mario Bléjer , and Richard Hides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752666.084

ISBN: 9781557752666

Keywords: state enterprises, social security, state planning commission, foreign exchange, foreign trade

This study reviews Albania's historical and political background, as well as economic developments in 1991. It describes the centrally planned economic system up to the onset of reform and analyzes economic perform...

Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752147.084

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

This paper examines the problems in establishing currency convertibility- and the optimal timing- in formerly planned economies making the transition to market-oriented systems....

Unified Reporting to the Nordic Product Registers

Unified Reporting to the Nordic Product Registers »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Per Henrik Johansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318747

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Countries, Software Model, Joint Reporting Tool, Nordic Product Registers, Fat-client Paradigm, Development Plans

The Nordic Product Registers has since 2003 been working on harmonizing the reporting process for companies in the Nordic countries. The objective of this report is to clarify the technical solution needed to accom...

Nordic Seabird Colony Databases
			: Results of a Nordic project on seabird breeding colonies in Faroes, Greenland, Iceland, Jan Mayen and Svalbard

Nordic Seabird Colony Databases : Results of a Nordic project on seabird breeding colonies in Faroes, Greenland, Iceland, Jan Mayen and Svalbard »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Vidar Bakken , David Boertmann , Harvey Goodwin , Anders Mosbech , Bergur Olsen , Aevar Petersen , and Hallvard Ström

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313018

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Arctic Nordic Action Plan, Seabird Colonies, Colony Survey Data, Study Plot Information, Format Harmonization, Conservation Status

Internationally important seabird resources are found in the Nordic countries (Greenland, Faeroes, Iceland, Jan Mayen, and Svalbard). To fulfill a recommendation of the Arctic Nordic Action Plan 1999, a project was...

Environmental economic research as a tool in the protection of the Baltic Sea
			:  - costs and benefits of reducing eutrophication

Environmental economic research as a tool in the protection of the Baltic Sea : - costs and benefits of reducing eutrophication »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Lassi Ahlvik , Heini Ahtiainen , Janne Artell , Kerstin Blyh , Siv Ericsdotter , Berit Hasler , and Kari Hyytiäinen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289326919

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Ecological Analyses, Economic Analyses, Research Network, Baltic STERN, HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, Eutrophication

This report reviews the findings of an ecological/economic analyses regarding the on-going and prospective efforts to reduce eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, conducted by Baltic STERN, an international research ne...

Prevention of food waste in restaurants, hotels, canteens and catering

Prevention of food waste in restaurants, hotels, canteens and catering »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ole Kaysen , Kathrine Kirkevaag , Jarle Marthinsen , and Peter Sundt

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323772

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Hospitality Sector, Food Waste, Waste Prevention Plans, Food Safety, Waste Prevention, Practical Advices

This report covers and describes all kinds of operations preparing and serving food outside private homes, we call all these operations the "hospitality sector". According to Danish and Finnish statistics it might...

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2012
			: The Quest for Lasting Stability

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2012 : The Quest for Lasting Stability »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504966339.082

ISBN: 9787504966339

Keywords: pension, longevity risk, bonds, life expectancy, financial stability, banking, retirement, central banks, financial institutions, pension funds

The Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) provides expert and up-to-date analysis of global capital flows that play a critical role in world economic growth and Financial stability. The report focuses on curren...