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China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors
			: The Power and Steel Sectors

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors : The Power and Steel Sectors »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Henrik Bergsager , and Anna Korppoo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325356

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Greenhouse Gas, State Owned Enterprises (SOEs), Electricity and Steel Sectors, Guanxi and Nomenklatura, Emission Growth, Political Leadership

A significant share of the greenhouse gas emitting activities of China is operated by state owned enterprises (SOEs). This report, written by Fridtjof Nansen Institute for the Nordic Council of Ministers, discusses...

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Source: Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874341.001

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...