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Quota Brokers

Quota Brokers »

Source: Quota Brokers

Volume/Issue: 2004/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451859065

Keywords: Quota licenses, middlemen, competition, standard deviation, perfect competition, simulation results, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

This paper examines the role of middlemen (brokers) in an imperfect secondary market for quota licenses. Middlemen facilitate trade when markets are thin, as potential buyers and sellers find it difficult to meet a...

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation »

Source: Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation

Volume/Issue: 2005/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451862102

Keywords: Structural change, product market, labor market, reforms, wage, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

Euro-area real wages have decelerated sharply in the last 20 years, but this has not yet translated into visibly lower unemployment or faster growth. Weak output growth after such a cost shock is somewhat puzzling...

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology »

Source: Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology : An Evaluation

Volume/Issue: 2002/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashok Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451858433

Keywords: early warning, risk, sovereign, vulnerability, bonds, bond, financial system, sovereign default, external debt, Market Structure and Pricing: General

This paper describes and evaluates the sovereign credit ratings methodologies of Standard & Poor's, Moody's Investors Service, and Fitch Ratings. A simple definition of ratings failure-based on ratings stability-is...

Asean Bond Market Development

Asean Bond Market Development »

Source: Asean Bond Market Development : Where Does it Stand? Where is it Going?

Volume/Issue: 2011/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Pradhan , Shanaka Peiris , Mangal Goswami , Dulani Seneviratne , Joshua Felman , Andreas Jobst , and Simon Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455265428

Keywords: ASEAN, market development, bond market, capital inflows, securities, capital markets, General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Market Structure And Pricing

Since the Asian crisis, ASEAN5 countries have expended considerable effort in trying to develop their domestic bond markets. Yet today these markets are not much larger, relative to GDP, than they were a decade bef...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes »

Source: Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...

Developing Asean5 Bond Markets

Developing Asean5 Bond Markets »

Source: Developing Asean5 Bond Markets : What Still Needs to Be Done?

Volume/Issue: 2011/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , Andreas Jobst , Joshua Felman , and Ana Carvajal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455259403

Keywords: Bond markets: Bond markets, ASEAN, market development, securities, corporate bonds, futures, derivative markets, interest rate, General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

This paper examines a range of issues relating to bond markets in the ASEAN5 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand) - physical infrastructure including trading, clearing and settlement; regulati...

Quota Brokers

Quota Brokers »

Volume/Issue: 2004/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859065.001

ISBN: 9781451859065

Keywords: Quota licenses, middlemen, competition, standard deviation, perfect competition, simulation results, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

This paper examines the role of middlemen (brokers) in an imperfect secondary market for quota licenses. Middlemen facilitate trade when markets are thin, as potential buyers and sellers find it difficult to meet a...

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation »

Volume/Issue: 2005/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862102.001

ISBN: 9781451862102

Keywords: Structural change, product market, labor market, reforms, wage, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

Euro-area real wages have decelerated sharply in the last 20 years, but this has not yet translated into visibly lower unemployment or faster growth. Weak output growth after such a cost shock is somewhat puzzling...

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology
			: An Evaluation

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology : An Evaluation »

Volume/Issue: 2002/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashok Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858433.001

ISBN: 9781451858433

Keywords: early warning, risk, sovereign, vulnerability, bonds, bond, financial system, sovereign default, external debt, Market Structure and Pricing: General

This paper describes and evaluates the sovereign credit ratings methodologies of Standard & Poor's, Moody's Investors Service, and Fitch Ratings. A simple definition of ratings failure-based on ratings stability-is...

Asean Bond Market Development
			: Where Does it Stand? Where is it Going?

Asean Bond Market Development : Where Does it Stand? Where is it Going? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Pradhan , Shanaka Peiris , Mangal Goswami , Dulani Seneviratne , Joshua Felman , Andreas Jobst , and Simon Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265428.001

ISBN: 9781455265428

Keywords: ASEAN, market development, bond market, capital inflows, securities, capital markets, General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Market Structure And Pricing

Since the Asian crisis, ASEAN5 countries have expended considerable effort in trying to develop their domestic bond markets. Yet today these markets are not much larger, relative to GDP, than they were a decade bef...