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Do Brazilian Banks Compete?

Do Brazilian Banks Compete? »

Source: Do Brazilian Banks Compete?

Volume/Issue: 2003/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451853728

Keywords: Market structure, banking, banking system, bank intermediation, foreign banks, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection,

More developed financial systems are associated with higher investment and better economic performance. This paper discusses possible factors that may inhibit a deepening of bank intermediation and more efficient b...

Competition and Efficiency in Banking

Competition and Efficiency in Banking »

Source: Competition and Efficiency in Banking : Behavioral Evidence from Ghana

Volume/Issue: 2005/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johan Mathisen , and Thierry Buchs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860368

Keywords: banking competition, banking, banking sector, banking system, banking industry, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection,

This paper assesses the degree of bank competition and discusses efficiency with regard to banks' financial intermediation in Ghana. By applying panel data to variables derived from a theoretical model, we find evi...

Quota Brokers

Quota Brokers »

Source: Quota Brokers

Volume/Issue: 2004/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451859065

Keywords: Quota licenses, middlemen, competition, standard deviation, perfect competition, simulation results, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

This paper examines the role of middlemen (brokers) in an imperfect secondary market for quota licenses. Middlemen facilitate trade when markets are thin, as potential buyers and sellers find it difficult to meet a...

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation »

Source: Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation

Volume/Issue: 2005/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451862102

Keywords: Structural change, product market, labor market, reforms, wage, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

Euro-area real wages have decelerated sharply in the last 20 years, but this has not yet translated into visibly lower unemployment or faster growth. Weak output growth after such a cost shock is somewhat puzzling...

Pricing Debit Card Payment Services

Pricing Debit Card Payment Services »

Source: Pricing Debit Card Payment Services : An IO Approach

Volume/Issue: 2003/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Tieman , and Wilko Bolt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874426

Keywords: Debit card payment systems, two-sided monopolistic pricing, social optimum, prices, pricing, payment systems, payments, monopoly, Market Structure, Firm Strategy

This paper presents a theoretical framework for analyzing pricing structures in debit card schemes featuring cardholders, retailers, their respective banks, and a network routing switch. The network routing switch...

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality »

Source: Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2001/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefania Scandizzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451843002

Keywords: counterfeit goods, vertical product differentiation, inequality, product differentiation, market structure, consumer surplus, patent protection, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance,

This paper examines the effect of counterfeit goods in a world where consumers are differentiated by level of income and innovation is quality enhancing. Counterfeit goods are defined as products with the same char...

Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets

Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets »

Source: Social Welfare and Cost Recovery in Two-Sided Markets

Volume/Issue: 2005/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wilko Bolt , and Alexander Tieman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862133

Keywords: Two-sided markets, social optimum, cost recovery, operational losses, pricing, social welfare, prices, payment systems, demand functions, Market Structure

Using a simple model of two-sided markets, we show that, in the social optimum, platform pricing leads to an inherent cost recovery problem. This result is driven by the positive externality of participation that u...

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology »

Source: Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology : An Evaluation

Volume/Issue: 2002/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashok Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451858433

Keywords: early warning, risk, sovereign, vulnerability, bonds, bond, financial system, sovereign default, external debt, Market Structure and Pricing: General

This paper describes and evaluates the sovereign credit ratings methodologies of Standard & Poor's, Moody's Investors Service, and Fitch Ratings. A simple definition of ratings failure-based on ratings stability-is...

Asean Bond Market Development

Asean Bond Market Development »

Source: Asean Bond Market Development : Where Does it Stand? Where is it Going?

Volume/Issue: 2011/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Pradhan , Shanaka Peiris , Mangal Goswami , Dulani Seneviratne , Joshua Felman , Andreas Jobst , and Simon Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455265428

Keywords: ASEAN, market development, bond market, capital inflows, securities, capital markets, General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Market Structure And Pricing

Since the Asian crisis, ASEAN5 countries have expended considerable effort in trying to develop their domestic bond markets. Yet today these markets are not much larger, relative to GDP, than they were a decade bef...

Barriers to Retail Competition and Prices

Barriers to Retail Competition and Prices »

Source: Barriers to Retail Competition and Prices : Evidence From Spain

Volume/Issue: 2006/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864915

Keywords: Barriers to entry, Cournot-Nash model, regulation in goods markets, and panel cointegration, statistics, significance level, cointegration, imperfect competition, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection, Prices

Why do prices in Spain's regions fail to converge? The prime suspects for this puzzling result are differences in regional barriers to entry in retail distribution. This paper develops a Cournot-Nash model of imper...