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Shocks, Financial Dependence, and Efficiency

Shocks, Financial Dependence, and Efficiency »

Source: Shocks, Financial Dependence, and Efficiency : Evidence From U.S. and Canadian Industries

Volume/Issue: 2011/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão , and Tiago Severo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462304226

Keywords: financial shocks, tfp, calibration, equation, probability, Macroeconomics: Production, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

The paper investigates how changes in industries' funding costs affect total factor productivity (TFP) growth. Based on panel regressions using 31 U.S. and Canadian industries between 1991 and 2007, and using indus...

Development Accounting and the Rise of TFP

Development Accounting and the Rise of TFP »

Source: Development Accounting and the Rise of TFP

Volume/Issue: 2010/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

ISBN: 9781451982787

Keywords: Development Accounting, Income Differences, TFP, logarithm, explanatory power, covariance, economic growth, Macroeconomics: Production,

The paper presents evidence that the contribution of differences in total factor productivity (TFP) to income differences across countries steadily increased between 1970 and 2000. We verify that our finding is nei...

Why is Productivity Growth in the Euro Area so Sluggish?

Why is Productivity Growth in the Euro Area so Sluggish? »

Source: Why is Productivity Growth in the Euro Area so Sluggish?

Volume/Issue: 2004/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451860191

Keywords: Productivity growth, structural change, capital deepening, labor productivity, ict, labor productivity growth, labor market, Macroeconomics: Production,

Slow productivity growth has plagued the euro area since the mid-1990s. That is particularly striking in view of the large productivity gains in the United States during the same period. This paper shows that the d...

Mauritius

Mauritius »

Source: Mauritius : Unemployment and the Role of Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Yao , and Calvin McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451874860

Keywords: institutions, wage, skilled labor, employment, labor demand, labor market, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite strong economic growth, a "U"-curve unemployment phenomenon in Mauritius can be observed. Unemployment plunged from 21 percent to less than 4 percent between the early 1980s and the early 1990s, but this tr...

Expenditure Composition, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Low-Income Countries

Expenditure Composition, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Expenditure Composition, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451850000

Keywords: Public Expenditure Composition, Duration of Fiscal Consolidations, expenditure, expenditures, budget balance, fiscal adjustment, Macroeconomics: Production, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General,

This paper assesses the effects of expenditure composition as well as fiscal adjustment on economic growth in a sample of 39 low-income countries during the 1990s. The paper finds that strong budgetary positions an...

In Search of Coincident and Leading Indicators of Economic Activity in Argentina

In Search of Coincident and Leading Indicators of Economic Activity in Argentina »

Source: In Search of Coincident and Leading Indicators of Economic Activity in Argentina

Volume/Issue: 2001/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alejandro Simone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451844917

Keywords: real gdp, forecasting, cointegration, statistics, equation, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Macroeconomics: Production, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Time series on economic activity in developing countries, in particular real GDP, are reported with important lags. Therefore, it is useful to construct indicators that coincide or lead the actual direction and lev...

Impact of Structural Reformson Productivity Growth in Industrial Countries

Impact of Structural Reformson Productivity Growth in Industrial Countries »

Source: Impact of Structural Reformson Productivity Growth in Industrial Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ranil Salgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842708

Keywords: Growth, Structural reforms, labor productivity, labor market, tariff rate, per capita income, labor productivity growth, Macroeconomics: Production, Comparative Studies of Countries,

This paper investigates the impact of structural reforms on productivity growth. A panel analysis of 20 OECD countries finds that the impact of structural reforms on productivity growth may be weak or negative in t...

India's Pattern of Development

India's Pattern of Development »

Source: India's Pattern of Development : What Happened, What Follows?

Volume/Issue: 2006/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Raghuram Rajan , Ioannis Tokatlidis , Kalpana Kochhar , and Utsav Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862829

Keywords: Diversification, Decentralization, Liberalization, Labor Intensity, Skill Intensity, Scale, employment, employment shares, labor productivity, Macroeconomics: Production

India has followed an idiosyncratic pattern of development, certainly compared with other fast-growing Asian economies. While the importance of services rather than manufacturing is widely noted, within manufacturi...

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries »

Source: The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries : Investment Aspects

Volume/Issue: 2002/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451844276

Keywords: output decline, asian crisis, balance sheet, private capital, private capital flows, private investment, capital flows, capital inflows, Macroeconomics: Production, Macroeconomics: Consumption

This paper examines whether capital outflows may have contributed to output declines during the Asian Crisis by reducing the financing available for domestic investment. Panel data regressions suggest a positive, s...

Understanding India’s Services Revolution

Understanding India’s Services Revolution »

Source: Understanding India's Services Revolution

Volume/Issue: 2004/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and James Gordon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451858532

Keywords: sectoral shares, balanced growth, splintering, liberalization, services sector, service sector, business services, services activities, industrial sector, Macroeconomics: Production

This paper analyzes the factors behind the recent growth of India's services sector. The high growth of services output in the 1990s was mostly due to the rapid expansion of communication, banking, business service...