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Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Structural Reforms and Economic Performance in Advanced and Developing Countries

Structural Reforms and Economic Performance in Advanced and Developing Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , and Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068186.084

ISBN: 9781589068186

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic reforms, Financial sector, Developing countries, Developed countries, Capital account liberalization, Structural adjustment, Terms of trade, domestic financial sector, trade liberalization

This volume examines the impact on economic performance of structural policies-policies that increase the role of market forces and competition in the economy, while maintaining appropriate regulatory frameworks. T...

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759429.084

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and currency liberalization. This paper analyzes trade and...

Trade Liberalization in Fund-Supported Programs

Trade Liberalization in Fund-Supported Programs »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Robert Sharer , and Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757074.083

ISBN: 9781557757074

Keywords: trade reform, trade liberalization, trade regime, trade taxes, tariff reform

This study asseses trade liberalization in programs supported by the IMF by reviewing multiyear arrangements in the 1990s and six detailed case studies. It also discusses the main economic factors affecting trade p...

The Romanian Economic Reform Program

The Romanian Economic Reform Program »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751904.084

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

This paper outlines the main characteristics and the development of the centrally planned economic sysetm in Romania before the beginnings of the transition to a market eonomy it then presents the design, objective...

Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753052.071

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

The challenge facing the Arab countries to maintain economic growth in the face of the deteriorating terms of trade affecting all developing countries was addressed in a seminar held in Abu Dhabi in early 1992. Thi...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis by the IMF
			: Review of Methodology and Selected Evidence

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis by the IMF : Review of Methodology and Selected Evidence »

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Gillingham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066625.071

ISBN: 9781589066625

Keywords: trade liberalization, partial equilibrium, income distribution, subsidies, sales taxes

The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) is used by the IMF to provide support for countries' implementation of their poverty reduction and growth strategies. A key requirement in the design of PRGF program...

Building on Progress
			: Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756251.071

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have unprecedented opportunities for transforming their economies through accelerated economic growth, but the countries themselves must ensure the necessary con...

Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa

Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757692.071

ISBN: 9781557757692

Keywords: trade liberalization, regional integration, trade reform, trade taxes, tariff rates

Edited by Zubair Iqbal and Mohsin Khan, this volume is a collection of papers given at a seminar on trade issues in Africa, conducted by the IMF nad the African Economic Research Consortium. It represents the views...

Trade Policy Issues

Trade Policy Issues »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756213.071

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

This book edited by Chorng-Huey Wong and Naheed Kirmani, examines a wide range of trade policy issues relevant in the 1990s that were the subject of a seminar organized by the IMF in 1996. The topics include the de...