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Input Shortages in Mixed Economies

Input Shortages in Mixed Economies »

Source: Input Shortages in Mixed Economies : An Application to Indian Manufacturing Industries

Volume/Issue: 1991/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1991

ISBN: 9781451847666

Keywords: capacity utilization, imported inputs, quantitative restrictions, intermediate inputs, import license

Widespread shortages in key inputs are common in mixed economies of developing countries. These shortages appear to occur at the same time that relatively high rates of capacity underutilization in manufacturing in...

Does Sequencing of Privatization Matter in Reforming Planned Economies?

Does Sequencing of Privatization Matter in Reforming Planned Economies? »

Source: Does Sequencing of Privatization Matter in Reforming Planned Economies?

Volume/Issue: 1992/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aasim Husain , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1992

ISBN: 9781451924732

Keywords: intermediate goods, intermediate inputs, imperfect competition, perfect competition

Although a centerpiece of the reform process in Central and Eastern Europe, large-scale privatization cannot be undertaken all at once and policymakers inevitably face the choice of privatizing some sectors before...

Armington Elasticities in Intermediate Inputs Trade

Armington Elasticities in Intermediate Inputs Trade »

Source: Armington Elasticities in Intermediate Inputs Trade : A Problem in Using Multilateral Trade Data

Volume/Issue: 2004/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2004

ISBN: 9781451921380

Keywords: The Armington Model, Intermediate Inputs Trade, Panel Data, trade data, intermediate inputs, equations, multilateral trade, equation,

This paper finds that the estimates of Armington elasticities (the elasticity of substitution between groups of products identified by country of origin) obtained from multilateral trade data can differ from those...

The Pattern of International Trade Between Japan and the Pacific Basin Countries

The Pattern of International Trade Between Japan and the Pacific Basin Countries »

Source: The Pattern of International Trade Between Japan and the Pacific Basin Countries : A Comparison Between 1975 and 1985

Volume/Issue: 1995/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sayuri Shirai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451842562

Keywords: intermediate inputs, transport equipment, export share, industry trade, export shares

Using the international input-output tables between Japan and five Pacific Basin countries (Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand) for the years 1975 and 1985, the paper examines the trade structure i...

Trade Costs and Location of Foreign Firms in China

Trade Costs and Location of Foreign Firms in China »

Source: Trade Costs and Location of Foreign Firms in China

Volume/Issue: 2005/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860740

Keywords: trade costs, supply access, fdi, foreign investment, intermediate inputs,

This study examines the determinants of entry into by foreign firms, using information on 515 Chinese industries at the provincial level during 1998-2001. The analysis, rooted in the new economic geography, focuses...

Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries

Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries »

Source: Estimating the Base of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) in Developing Countries : The Problem of Exemptions

Volume/Issue: 1991/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

ISBN: 9781451921465

Keywords: vat, aggregate consumption, value-added tax, intermediate inputs, indirect tax

Developing countries with VATs typically exempt a large number of goods and services. Following a brief discussion of the rationale for exemptions, this paper presents a formula for the base of a VAT with exemption...

A General Equilibrium Model of Sovereign Default and Business Cycles*

A General Equilibrium Model of Sovereign Default and Business Cycles* »

Source: A General Equilibrium Model of Sovereign Default and Business Cycles

Volume/Issue: 2011/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhanwei Yue , and Enrique Mendoza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462302222

Keywords: Sovereign default, country risk, imported inputs, intermediate goods, debt ratio,

Emerging markets business cycle models treat default risk as part of an exogenous interest rate on working capital, while sovereign default models treat income fluctuations as an exogenous endowment process with ad...

International Trade in Manufactured Products

International Trade in Manufactured Products »

Source: International Trade in Manufactured Products : A Ricardo-Heckscher-Ohlin Explanation with Monopolistic Competition

Volume/Issue: 2001/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Choudhri , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451846102

Keywords: Ricardian and Heckscher-Ohlin models, monopolistic competition, tfp, intermediate goods, trade barriers, intermediate inputs

A large data set on trade in manufactured products is used to evaluate the performance of a model that combines both the Ricardian and Heckscher-Ohlin effects and incorporates monopolistic competition. The paper es...

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity »

Source: Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity : Evidence from Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2005/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Jozef Konings

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861655

Keywords: inputs, imported inputs, intermediate inputs, foreign ownership, standard errors, international trade, Trade: General, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper estimates the effects of trade liberalization on plant productivity. In contrast to previous studies, we distinguish between productivity gains arising from lower tariffs on final goods relative to lower...

Canada: Selected Issues

Canada: Selected Issues »

Source: Canada : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2004/60

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451806908

Keywords: labor productivity, productivity growth, labor productivity growth, capital accumulation, intermediate inputs

This paper explores the factors that have led to a Canada-U.S. productivity gap using a sectoral growth accounting approach. Both fiscal and monetary policies have had significant effects on the saving rate. The Ca...