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The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries »

Source: The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

Volume/Issue: 1998/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451850727

Keywords: Trade Discipline, European Economic Integration, Market Structure, Markups, import penetration, competition, import competition, world price, imperfect competition

This paper examines the effects of intensified international competition on industry profits in six European Union (EU) countries. The paper uses two methods to estimate industry profits. The traditional method use...

Recent Developments in European Bank Competition

Recent Developments in European Bank Competition »

Source: Recent Developments in European Bank Competition

Volume/Issue: 2011/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yu Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455268481

Keywords: bank competition, EMU, commercial banks, foreign banks, domestic banks, banking system, Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets,

This paper investigates the degree of bank competition in the euro area, the U.S. and U.K. before and after the recent financial crisis, and revisits the issue whether the introduction of EMU and the euro have had...

Tariff-Tax Reforms in Large Economies

Tariff-Tax Reforms in Large Economies »

Source: Tariff-Tax Reforms in Large Economies

Volume/Issue: 2012/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juha Tervala , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503944

Keywords: Tariff-tax reform, imperfect competition, trade negotiations, open economy macroeconomics, tax reform, consumption tax, tariff rate

This paper studies tariff-tax reforms in a calibrated two-region global New Keynesian model composed of a developing and an advanced region. In our baseline calibration, a revenue-neutral reform that lowers tariffs...

Trade, Inequality, and the Political Economy of Institutions

Trade, Inequality, and the Political Economy of Institutions »

Source: Trade, Inequality, and the Political Economy of Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2006/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Quý Toàn Ðo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451863161

Keywords: heterogeneous firms, institutions, political power, institutional quality, trade opening, competition effect, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Other Economic Systems: Other,

We analyze the relationship between international trade and the quality of economic institutions, such as contract enforcement, rule of law, and property rights. In our model, firms differ in their preferences for...

Power Laws in Firm Size and Openness to Trade

Power Laws in Firm Size and Openness to Trade »

Source: Power Laws in Firm Size and Openness to Trade : Measurement and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2010/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , Julian Di Giovanni , and Romain Ranciere

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

ISBN: 9781455200689

Keywords: Firm Size Distribution, Power Laws, exporting firms, exporters, probability, export sales, export markets, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies,

Existing estimates of power laws in firm size typically ignore the impact of international trade. Using a simple theoretical framework, we show that international trade systematically affects the distribution of fi...

The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation

The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation »

Source: The Size Distribution of Firms, Cournot, and Optimal Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2006/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gersovitz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865318

Keywords: Optimal tax, size distribution, imperfect competition, ad valorem, social welfare, tax receipts, sales tax, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm,

Tax laws and administrations often treat different size firms differently. There is, however, little research on the consequences. As modeled here, oligopolists with different efficiencies determine the size distri...

Public Infrastructures, Public Consumption, and Welfare in a New-Open-Economy-Macro Model

Public Infrastructures, Public Consumption, and Welfare in a New-Open-Economy-Macro Model »

Source: Public Infrastructures, Public Consumption, and Welfare in a New-Open-Economy-Macro Model

Volume/Issue: 2007/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Ganelli , and Juha Tervala

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866315

Keywords: Public Spending Composition, Imperfect Competition, Nominal Rigidities, government spending, public spending, open economy, domestic economy, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Publicly Provided Private Goods,

This paper focuses on the trade-off faced by governments in deciding the allocation of public expenditures between productivity-enhancing public infrastructures and utility-enhancing public consumption. From the mo...

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity

Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity »

Source: Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity : Evidence from Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2005/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Jozef Konings

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861655

Keywords: inputs, imported inputs, intermediate inputs, foreign ownership, standard errors, international trade, Trade: General, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper estimates the effects of trade liberalization on plant productivity. In contrast to previous studies, we distinguish between productivity gains arising from lower tariffs on final goods relative to lower...

Trade Liberalization, Macroeconomic Adjustment, and Welfare

Trade Liberalization, Macroeconomic Adjustment, and Welfare »

Source: Trade Liberalization, Macroeconomic Adjustment, and Welfare : Unifying Trade and Macro Models

Volume/Issue: 2006/304

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Choudhri , Hamid Faruqee , and Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865646

Keywords: macroeconomic adjustment, welfare cost of tariffs, exchange rates, exchange rate, flexible exchange rates, fixed exchange rates, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Trade liberalization leads to long-run gains, but it can also involve costly short-run macroeconomic adjustment. The paper explores the relative importance of these effects within a dynamic general equilibrium mode...

Export Tax and Pricing Power

Export Tax and Pricing Power »

Source: Export Tax and Pricing Power : Two Hypotheses on the Cocoa Market in Côte d'Ivoire

Volume/Issue: 2010/269

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455210763

Keywords: Low-income countries, imperfect competition, C&;amp;#x00F4;te d&;amp;#x2019;Ivoire, export tax, exporters, export taxes, perfect competition, world price, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The paper models export taxation of a primary commodity in a large country under two hypotheses about the structure of its export market. The first is perfect competition among exporters, where there is an indefini...