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Methane Oxidising Bacteria as Environmental Indicators

Methane Oxidising Bacteria as Environmental Indicators »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anne Grethe Hestnes , Svend Jørgen Binnerup , Mette Marianne Sven-ning , and Ingvild Wartiainen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9789289311366

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Methane Oxidising Bacteria, Methanotrophs, Halogenated Hydrocarbon, Environmental Perturbations, Chlorofluoromethanes, Monooxygenase Enzymes

This report focuses on methane oxidising bacteria (methanotrophs). The key function of methanotrophs as methane consumers and degraders of halogenated hydrocarbons bring them in the perspective of being useful indi...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451820966

Keywords: oil sector, hydrocarbon sector, oil extraction

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Kazakhstan underlies growth of the non-oil sector, fiscal management of oil wealth, and bank credit growth. The share of tradables in the non-oil sector has declined si...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451820966

Keywords: oil sector, hydrocarbon sector, oil extraction

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Kazakhstan underlies growth of the non-oil sector, fiscal management of oil wealth, and bank credit growth. The share of tradables in the non-oil sector has declined si...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451820966

Keywords: oil sector, hydrocarbon sector, oil extraction

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Kazakhstan underlies growth of the non-oil sector, fiscal management of oil wealth, and bank credit growth. The share of tradables in the non-oil sector has declined si...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451820966

Keywords: oil sector, hydrocarbon sector, oil extraction

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Kazakhstan underlies growth of the non-oil sector, fiscal management of oil wealth, and bank credit growth. The share of tradables in the non-oil sector has declined si...

Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort

Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort »

Source: Natural Resource Endowments, Governance, and the Domestic Revenue Effort : Evidence from a Panel of Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Thornton , Fabian Bornhorst , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870282

Keywords: hydrocarbon revenues, domestic revenue effort, government revenue, equation, statistics, autocorrelation,

The recent development literature stresses that countries that receive large revenues from natural resource endowments typically raise less revenue from domestic taxation, and that this creates governance problems...

Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan

Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan »

Source: Recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan : Have Macroeconomic Policies Been Effective?

Volume/Issue: 2010/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200818

Keywords: recoveries, investments, hydrocarbon exporting countries, trade openness, recession, export growth, exporters, real export growth,

This paper identifies and documents the properties of output gap recessions and recoveries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan (MENAP) during the 1980 to 2008 period. It goes on to investigate the key de...

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation

Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation »

Source: Issues in Extractive Resource Taxation : A Review of Research Methods and Models

Volume/Issue: 2012/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475573466

Keywords: extractive resources, fiscal regimes, tax instruments, fiscal regime, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels, Mining, Extraction

This paper provides a conceptual overview of economists' attempts to learn about the effects of taxes on extractive resources. The emphasis is on research methods and techniques, with no attempt to provide a compre...

Dynamic Fuel Price Pass-Through

Dynamic Fuel Price Pass-Through »

Source: Dynamic Fuel Price Pass-Through : Evidence from a New Global Retail Fuel Price Database

Volume/Issue: 2016/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , and Chadi Abdallah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563221

Keywords: Developed countries, Emerging markets, Europe, Gasoline prices, Fuels, Commodity price shocks, Price increases, Oil product prices, North Africa, Oil

This paper assesses the dynamic pass-through of crude oil price shocks to retail fuel prices using a novel database on monthly retail fuel prices for 162 countries. The impulse response functions suggest that on av...

Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries

Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries »

Source: Fiscal Analysis of Resource Industries : (FARI Methodology)

Volume: 2016

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Oana Luca , and Diego Mesa Puyo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2016

ISBN: 9781513575117

Keywords: Mining taxation, petroleum taxation, fiscal regime design, tax, instruments, revenue, valuation, cash flows, General, Business Taxes and Subsidies

This manual introduces key concepts and methodology used by the Fiscal Affairs Department (FAD) in its fiscal analysis of resource industries (FARI) framework. Proper evaluation of fiscal regimes for extractive ind...