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Waste Not, Want Not

Waste Not, Want Not »

Source: Waste Not, Want Not : The Efficiency of Health Expenditure in Emerging and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Javier Kapsoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484364260

Keywords: Health expenditure, efficiency, emerging economies, developing economies, public health, health spending, public expenditure, public health spending, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

Public health spending is low in emerging and developing economies relative to advanced economies and health outputs and outcomes need to be substantially improved. Simply increasing public expenditure in the healt...

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor »

Source: Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor

Volume/Issue: 2001/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , and Erwin Tiongson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854985

Keywords: public spending, child mortality, mortality rate, mortality rates, health status, births, Health Production, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This paper estimates the impact of public spending on the poor's health status in over 70 countries. It provides evidence that the poor have significantly worse health status than the rich and that they are more fa...

Moreon the Effectiveness of Public Spendingon Health Care and Education

Moreon the Effectiveness of Public Spendingon Health Care and Education »

Source: Moreon the Effectiveness of Public Spendingon Health Care and Education : A Covariance Structure Model

Volume/Issue: 2002/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851403

Keywords: Covariance structure models, social spending, health care, school enrollment, primary education, health status, enrollment rate, Health Production, Analysis of Education, General Welfare,

Using data for a sample of developing and transition countries, this paper estimates the relationship between government spending on health care and education, and social indicators. Unlike previous studies, where...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Source: Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Macroeconomic Impact of an Aging Population in a Highly Open Economy

Volume/Issue: 2006/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lamin Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863475

Keywords: Productivity Growth, Fiscal Impact, Health Care Costs, pension, health care, elderly, dependency, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Hong Kong SAR's population is aging rapidly. This paper concludes that, without a change in policies, aging could adversely affect growth and living standards. While higher labor productivity growth and increased m...

The Efficiency of Government Expenditure

The Efficiency of Government Expenditure »

Source: The Efficiency of Government Expenditure : Experiences From Africa

Volume/Issue: 1997/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Keiko Honjo , Marijn Verhoeven , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922400

Keywords: government expenditure, efficiency, education, health, social indicators, production possibility frontier, government spending, education spending, primary school, primary school enrollment

This paper assesses the efficiency of government expenditure on education and health in 38 countries in Africa in 1984-95, both in relation to each other and compared with countries in Asia and the Western Hemisphe...

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Source: A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2014/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484398241

Keywords: Education expenditure, efficiency, hybrid, developing economies, emerging economies, education spending, expenditure, educational outcomes, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybr...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...

Republic of Armenia

Republic of Armenia »

Source: Republic of Armenia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2019/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484396933

Keywords: Accounting standards, Accounting systems, Accrual accounting, Audit process, Auditing, Bank accounting, Budget approval, Budget classification, Budget deficits, Budget execution

This paper discusses results of a technical assistance report prepared to evaluate the quality of Armenia's public investment institutions in the planning, budgeting, and implementation stages of public investment...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...