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Vacation Over

Vacation Over »

Source: Vacation Over : Implications for the Caribbean of Opening U.S.-Cuba Tourism

Volume/Issue: 2008/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rafael Romeu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870206

Keywords: Gravity, tourists, tourist, tourist arrivals, travel costs,

An opening of Cuba to U.S. tourism would represent a seismic shift in the Caribbean's tourism industry. This study models the impact of such a potential opening by estimating a counterfactual that captures the curr...

Trade and Income in the Long Run: Are There Really Gains, and Are They Widely Shared?*

Trade and Income in the Long Run: Are There Really Gains, and Are They Widely Shared?* »

Source: Trade and Income in the Long Run: Are There Really Gains, and Are They Widely Shared?

Volume/Issue: 2017/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Diego Cerdeiro , and Andras Komaromi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484324851

Keywords: Income, Trade, Growth, Inequality, Gravity model, General

In the cross section of countries, there is a strong positive correlation between trade and income, and a negative relationship between trade and inequality. Does this reflect a causal relationship? We adopt the Fr...

Impact of Intra-European Trade Agreements, 1990-2005

Impact of Intra-European Trade Agreements, 1990-2005 »

Source: Impact of Intra-European Trade Agreements, 1990-2005 : Policy Implications for the Western Balkans and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2007/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhaogang Qiao , and Johannes Herderschee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451866902

Keywords: Gravity Model, Customs Union, Currency Union, customs, trade agreement,

The paper provides quantitative estimates of the impact of the European trade agreements on trade flows. It applies both static and dynamic panel estimation techniques. The results are useful to policymakers becaus...

The Missing Globalization Puzzle

The Missing Globalization Puzzle »

Source: The Missing Globalization Puzzle

Volume/Issue: 2002/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rikhil Bhavnani , Natalia Tamirisa , Arvind Subramanian , and David Coe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451858518

Keywords: trade, gravity model, distance, bilateral trade, trade costs, equation, transport costs, international trade, Trade: General, Trade Gravity Model,

The failure of declining trade-related costs to be reflected in estimates of the standard gravity model of bilateral trade might be called the "missing globalization puzzle." This puzzle is most apparent in the est...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Source: Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Africa's Oil Abundance and External Competitiveness

Africa's Oil Abundance and External Competitiveness »

Source: Africa's Oil Abundance and External Competitiveness : Do Institutions Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2008/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahvash Qureshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870305

Keywords: oil abundance, competitiveness, institutions, gravity model, oil exports, export performance, export structure, world exports, oil exporters,

This paper examines the structural competitiveness of oil-rich economies in sub-Saharan Africa relative to other major oil-exporting developing countries, and investigates reasons for systematic differences in the...

North-South Trade

North-South Trade »

Source: North-South Trade : Is Africa Unusual?

Volume/Issue: 1998/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451851694

Keywords: gravity model, trade, bilateral trade, trading patterns, world trade, trade liberalization, trading blocs

We estimate a gravity model to address the question of whether Africa’s bilateral trade with industrial countries is “unusual” compared with other developing country regions. Our main finding i...

Intra-Arab Trade

Intra-Arab Trade »

Source: Intra-Arab Trade : Is it too Little?

Volume/Issue: 2000/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tarik Yousef , and Hassan Al-Atrash

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842685

Keywords: Arab countries, gravity model, bilateral trade, regional integration, trade patterns, intraregional trade, per capita income

This paper estimates a gravity model to address the issue of whether intra-Arab trade is too little. Although gravity models have been extensively used to measure bilateral trade among countries, they have—t...

Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc

Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc »

Source: Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc : An Analysis of Currency Arrangements in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2009/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871500

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, currency unions, trade effects, exchange rate, regional trade, bilateral trade,

This paper examines the role of Japan against that of China in the exchange rate regime in East Asia in light of growing interest in forming a currency union in the region. The analysis suggests that currency union...

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark »

Source: One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

Volume/Issue: 2009/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , and Theo Eicher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873337

Keywords: Preferencial Trade Agreements, Gravity Equation, Multilateral Resistance, trade effects, equation, trade effect, trade agreements,

The introduction of the euro generated substantial interest in measuring the impact of currency unions (CUs) on trade flows. Rose's (2000) initial estimates suggested a tripling of trade and created a literature in...