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Government Spending, Rights, and Civil Liberties

Government Spending, Rights, and Civil Liberties »

Source: Government Spending, Rights, and Civil Liberties

Volume/Issue: 2000/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451874549

Keywords: Rights, institutions, government spending, statistics, equation, budget balance, budget constraint

Government spending plays a critical role in protecting and enforcing rights and civil liberties. Empirical evidence for a sample of industrial and developing countries shows that government expenditures on defense...

Botswana

Botswana »

Source: Botswana : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2007/228

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451806465

Keywords: government expenditure, international monetary fund, fiscal policy, budget constraint

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix on Botswana underlies that diamond reserves are not adequate to generate enough permanent revenue to support the current level of expenditure. Despite strong over...

Botswana: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Botswana: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Botswana : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2007/228

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451806465

Keywords: government expenditure, international monetary fund, fiscal policy, budget constraint

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix on Botswana underlies that diamond reserves are not adequate to generate enough permanent revenue to support the current level of expenditure. Despite strong over...

Botswana: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Botswana: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Botswana : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2007/228

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451806465

Keywords: government expenditure, international monetary fund, fiscal policy, budget constraint

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix on Botswana underlies that diamond reserves are not adequate to generate enough permanent revenue to support the current level of expenditure. Despite strong over...

Original Sin and Procylical Fiscal Policy

Original Sin and Procylical Fiscal Policy »

Source: Original Sin and Procylical Fiscal Policy : Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Volume/Issue: 2008/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gustavo Adler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870671

Keywords: Fiscal policy cyclicality, original sin, government expenditure, expenditure, budget constraint,

The paper develops a simple model of sovereign debt where default both through direct repudiation and through inflation are possible and give rise to (endogenous) constraints on the currency composition and the lev...

Intergovernmental Relations and Fiscal Discipline

Intergovernmental Relations and Fiscal Discipline »

Source: Intergovernmental Relations and Fiscal Discipline : Between Commons and Soft Budget Constraints

Volume/Issue: 2001/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guiseppe Pisauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451848687

Keywords: fiscal federalism, soft budget constraint, bailout, budget constraint, fiscal discipline, budget process, fiscal relations, State And Local Government,

Fiscal decentralization is likely to entail a bias in the budget process toward higher public expenses and deficits. The paper reviews lessons drawn from the theoretical literature and international experience on t...

Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries

Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries »

Source: Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Adam Leive , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201303

Keywords: Healthcare spending, decentralization, soft budget constraints, health spending, budget constraints, public health, health expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Health,

Government spending on health has grown as a percent of GDP over the last 40 years in industrialized countries. Widespread decentralization of healthcare systems has often accompanied this increase in spending. In...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1 »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451850352

Keywords: Government deficits and debt, present value budget constraint, sustainability indicators, fiscal sustainability, debt ratio, budget constraint, primary deficit

The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to assessing fiscal sustainability. It summarizes the general analytical background, focusing on the present value budget constraint, which is...

Fiscal Policy and Lending Relationships

Fiscal Policy and Lending Relationships »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Lending Relationships

Volume/Issue: 2013/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Melina , and Stefania Villa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484380277

Keywords: deep habits, lending relationships, government spending, fiscal stimulus, government spending shocks, budget constraint,

This paper studies how fiscal policy affects loan market conditions in the US. First, it conducts a Structural Vector-Autoregression analysis showing that the bank spread responds negatively to an expansionary gove...

Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy

Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy »

Source: Tax Smoothing in a Financially Repressed Economy : Evidence from India

Volume/Issue: 1998/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Nilss Olekalns , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451854466

Keywords: Tax smoothing, financial repression, budget surplus, government expenditure, fiscal deficits, budget constraint

India has a long history of running fiscal deficits. Two broad considerations motivate a government to run a deficit: tax smoothing and tax tilting. This paper tests a version of Barro’s tax-smoothing model,...