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Argentina

Argentina »

Source: Argentina : Macroeconomic Crisis and Household Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 2003/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Ana Corbacho , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851304

Keywords: macroeconomic crisis, household welfare, unemployment, employment, unemployed, unemployment insurance, unemployment rates, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, General Welfare,

Using urban household surveys, we constructed a panel dataset to study the effects of the Argentine macroeconomic crisis of 1999-2002 with the aim of (1) identifying the most vulnerable households, (2) investigatin...

The Insurance Role of Social Security

The Insurance Role of Social Security »

Source: The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victor Valdivia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451944174

Keywords: Public Finance, Computable General Equilibrium, welfare gains, wealth distribution, welfare impact, social security system

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, o...

Lucas vs. Lucas

Lucas vs. Lucas »

Source: Lucas vs. Lucas : On Inequality and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Cordoba , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865813

Keywords: Welfare costs, inequality, social welfare, country inequality, welfare function, welfare measures, Distribution, General Aggregative Models, Consumption, Saving

Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving th...

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS »

Source: Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Volume/Issue: 2003/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker , and N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854107

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, value of statistical life, life expectancy, mortality rates, hiv, prevalence rate, Health: General, Welfare and Poverty: General, General Welfare, Economic Development: General,

The paper evaluates the impact of HIV/AIDS on welfare in several countries affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Unlike studies focusing on the impact of HIV/AIDS on GDP per capita, we evaluate the impact of increased...

A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis

A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis »

Source: A New Tool for Distributional Incidence Analysis : An Application to Fuel Subsidy Reform

Volume: 16

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Alexei Goumilevski , and Kangni Kpodar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2016

ISBN: 9781475546743

Keywords: Fuel subsidies; welfare impact; incidence analysis; income distribution; input-output analysis, General, Input-Output Analysis, General

Increased focus on income inequality and distributional issues has made incidence analysis a crucial input into policy decisions. This note presents the theoretical framework used to conduct incidence analysis of f...

Are there Negative Returns to Aid? a Comment

Are there Negative Returns to Aid? a Comment »

Source: Are there Negative Returns to Aid? a Comment

Volume/Issue: 2004/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mwanza Nkusu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451874921

Keywords: and poverty, calibration, paper, equation, nonlinearity, Welfare and Poverty: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Amid controversies surrounding aid effectiveness, an increasing number of empirical studies find support for the idea that aid can spur growth and that the aid-growth relationship is nonlinear. Lensink and White pr...

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy »

Source: Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy : Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases

Volume/Issue: 2012/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , and Ruben Atoyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475512878

Keywords: government expenditure and related policies, welfare, social assistance, gas consumption, gas demand, gas imports, gas pricing policy, welfare., General,

Ukraine's gas pricing policy subsidizes gas and heating for all households. As the cost of imported gas rises, this policy increasingly weighs on government finances, sustains energy over-consumption, dampens inves...

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1 »

Source: International Trade and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847512

Keywords: trade reform, effects of trade liberalization, trade reforms, Welfare and Poverty: General,

Empirical studies suggest that trade reform has a positive effect on employment and income for the poor; however, there are winners and losers. If the transitional costs of trade liberalization fall disproportionat...

Welfare Cost of (Low) Inflation

Welfare Cost of (Low) Inflation »

Source: Welfare Cost of (Low) Inflation : A General Equilibrium Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1998/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451853445

Keywords: taxation, welfare, general equilibrium, money stock, real money, money balances, money demand

This paper provides general equilibrium estimates of the steady-state welfare gains of lowering inflation from a low level to close to price stability, using an overlapping-generations growth model. Money demand is...

Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter?

Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter? »

Source: Is China Over-Investing and Does it Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2012/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Houng Lee , Murtaza Syed , and Liu Xueyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475562675

Keywords: Social Welfare, Intertemporal Consumer Choice, cost of capital, gdp growth, real gdp, economic growth, General,

Now close to 50 percent of GDP, this paper assesses the appropriateness of China's current investment levels. It finds that China's capital-to-output ratio is within the range of other emerging markets, but its eco...