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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia »

Source: Saudi Arabia : 2011 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2011/292

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904272

Keywords: prices, credit, current account, payments, oil prices, France:,

Over the last few decades, the economy of Saudi Arabia has strengthened, as oil prices increased with the rebound in global economic activity. Despite this, vulnerabilities to a sustained decline in the oil price h...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Saudi Arabia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Saudi Arabia »

Source: Saudi Arabia : 2011 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2011/292

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904272

Keywords: prices, credit, current account, payments, oil prices, France:,

Over the last few decades, the economy of Saudi Arabia has strengthened, as oil prices increased with the rebound in global economic activity. Despite this, vulnerabilities to a sustained decline in the oil price h...

From Containment to Rationalization

From Containment to Rationalization »

Source: From Containment to Rationalization

Volume/Issue: 2016/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert , and Maximilien Queyranne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513540139

Keywords: Public Expenditure, Efficiency, spending, public, governments, services, State and Local Budget and Expenditures, State and Local Government: Other Expenditure Categories, France.,, Europe

Achieving France’s medium-term fiscal targets will require significant expenditure efforts. This paper identifies areas where there is scope for increasing expenditure efficiency, with a view to achieving higher qu...

Consumption Smoothing and the Current Account

Consumption Smoothing and the Current Account »

Source: Consumption Smoothing and the Current Account : Evidence for France, 1970-1994

Volume/Issue: 1995/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Claude Bismut , Paul Cashin , C. McDermott , and Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451940237

Keywords: Current account, Consumption, France, current account balance, current account surplus, current account deficit, current account surpluses

This paper estimates a simple consumption-smoothing model of the French current account, and examines its capacity to predict recent developments in France's external performance. The model views the current accoun...

International Pricing of Emerging Market Corporate Debt

International Pricing of Emerging Market Corporate Debt »

Source: International Pricing of Emerging Market Corporate Debt : Does the Corporate Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2010/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonja Keller , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

ISBN: 9781451962475

Keywords: Corporate bonds, bond spreads, Fama-French factors, equity returns, bonds, bond, General Financial Markets, Corporate Finance And Governance,

We examine risk spreads charged on corporate bonds placed by emerging market borrowers on international exchanges. While global developments have an important effect on spreads, changes in firm-level default risk a...

French Banks Amid the Global Financial Crisis

French Banks Amid the Global Financial Crisis »

Source: French Banks Amid the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yingbin Xiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873481

Keywords: French banks, debt guarantee, government support, refinancing, banking, capital adequacy, subordinated debt, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, General Financial Markets,

This paper runs the gamut of qualitative and quantitative analyses to examine the performance of French banks during 2006-2008 and the financial support measures taken by the French government. French banks were no...

Northwest of Suez: The 1956 Crisis and the IMF

Northwest of Suez: The 1956 Crisis and the IMF »

Source: Northwest of Suez : The 1956 Crisis and the IMF

Volume/Issue: 2000/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451859751

Keywords: Egypt, Financial crisis, Israel, Fund, France, United Kingdom, Suez, IMF, Financial Crises, exchange rate

Egypt's nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956 and the failed attempt by France, Israel, and Britain to retake it by force constituted a serious political crisis with significant economic consequences. For the U...

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality? »

Source: How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

Volume/Issue: 2016/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

ISBN: 9781513515960

Keywords: redistribution, market income inequality, labor market policies, fiscal policies, labor, unemployment, minimum wage, workers, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

This paper explores the impact of fiscal and labor market policies on efficiency, inequality, and fiscal outcomes in France. We extend the general equilibrium model calibrated for France by Alla and others (2015),...

Saudi Arabia
			: 2011 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Saudi Arabia : 2011 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2011/292

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904272.002

ISBN: 9781463904272

Keywords: prices, credit, current account, payments, oil prices, France:,

Over the last few decades, the economy of Saudi Arabia has strengthened, as oil prices increased with the rebound in global economic activity. Despite this, vulnerabilities to a sustained decline in the oil price h...

From Containment to Rationalization

From Containment to Rationalization »

Volume/Issue: 2016/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert , and Maximilien Queyranne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513540139.001

ISBN: 9781513540139

Keywords: Public Expenditure, Efficiency, spending, public, governments, services, State and Local Budget and Expenditures, State and Local Government: Other Expenditure Categories, France.,, Europe

Achieving France’s medium-term fiscal targets will require significant expenditure efforts. This paper identifies areas where there is scope for increasing expenditure efficiency, with a view to achieving higher qu...