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Fiscal Monitor, October 2017
			: Tackling Inequality

Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312483.089

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity, universal basic income, education, health

At the global level, inequality has declined substantially over the past three decades, but within national boundaries, the picture is mixed: some countries have experienced a reduction in inequality while others,...

Lessons from the Old Masters on Assessing Equity and Efficiency: A Primer for Fiscal Policymakers

Lessons from the Old Masters on Assessing Equity and Efficiency: A Primer for Fiscal Policymakers »

Source: Lessons from the Old Masters on Assessing Equity and Efficiency: A Primer for Fiscal Policymakers

Volume/Issue: 2017/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Paolo Mauro , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484322000

Keywords: equality and efficiency, fiscal redistribution, General, Externalities

How can a society's well-being be measured to include not only average incomes but also their distribution? How can the effects of policies be assessed by considering both equity and efficiency? This primer outline...

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare »

Source: Fiscal Redistribution and Social Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2019/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Devin D'Angelo , and Brooks Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484398081

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Personal income taxes, Social welfare programs, Fiscal policy, Fiscal redistribution, progressivity, targeting, transfers, taxes

Fiscal policy is a key tool for achieving distributional objectives in advanced economies. This paper embeds the discussion of fiscal redistribution within the standard social welfare framework, which lends itself...

Regional Income Redistribution and Risk Sharing

Regional Income Redistribution and Risk Sharing »

Source: Regional Income Redistribution and Risk Sharing : How Does Italy Compare in Europe?

Volume/Issue: 1999/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jörg Decressin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451854596

Keywords: Public policy, regions, redistribution, risk sharing, household income, fiscal revenue, capital expenditure

This paper investigates income redistribution and risk sharing among Italy’s regions and the implications for public policy. Using a richer data set than in previous works, this study allows for an assessmen...

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union »

Source: Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tingyun Chen , Jean-Jacques Hallaert , Alexander Pitt , Haonan Qu , Maximilien Queyranne , Alaina Rhee , Anna Shabunina , Jérôme Vandenbussche , and Irene Yackovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484338445

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor market policy, Labor policy, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Inequality, Poverty, Europe, Redistribution

This SDN studies the evolution of inequality across age groups leading up to and since the global financial crisis, as well as implications for fiscal and labor policies. Europe's population is aging, child and you...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity, universal basic income, education, health

Rising inequality and slow economic growth in many countries have focused attention on policies to support inclusive growth. While some inequality is inevitable in a market-based economic system, excessive i...

Chapter 1. Tackling Inequality

Chapter 1. Tackling Inequality »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity, universal basic income, education, health

Introduction Depending on whether income inequality is assessed across or within countries, the picture that emerges can be starkly different. If inequality is examined at the global...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity, universal basic income, education, health

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity, universal basic income, education, health

Average tax rate progression Percentage point increase in the average tax rate for an increase in income by 1 percentage point of per capita GDP. Benefit incidence Share of...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity, universal basic income, education, health

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...