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The GATS Agreementon Financial Services

The GATS Agreementon Financial Services »

Source: The GATS Agreementon Financial Services : A Modest Start to Multilateral Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 1997/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451969221

Keywords: financial sector, financial services, market access, mfn, financial sector development

This paper analyzes the links between multilateral, and unilateral financial liberalization, the former represented by the General Agreements on Trade in Services (GATS). It provides an overview of the main feature...

Household Financial Access and Risk Sharing in Nigeria

Household Financial Access and Risk Sharing in Nigeria »

Source: Household Financial Access and Risk Sharing in Nigeria

Volume/Issue: 2015/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stacy Carlson , Era Dabla-Norris , Mika Saito , and Yu Shi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513506692

Keywords: Financial access, Risk-Sharing, Household Panel Data, household, savings, households, credit,

We examine the role of household financial access in determining the extent of risksharing in Nigeria using household-level panel data. We estimate changes in the response of consumption to shocks for households wi...

SMEs’ Access to Finance in the Euro Area

SMEs’ Access to Finance in the Euro Area »

Source: SMEs' Access to Finance in the Euro Area : What Helps or Hampers?

Volume/Issue: 2014/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bahar Öztürk , and Mico Mrkaic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484379059

Keywords: access to finance, micro, small and medium sized enterprises, firm size, bank funding, banking, access to bank, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

The monetary transmission mechanism in the euro area has been adversely affected by the recent crises. Using survey data on thousands of euro area firms, we study factors that affect the access to finance of SMEs....

Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices

Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices »

Source: Globalization and Firms' Financing Choices : Evidence From Emerging Economies

Volume/Issue: 2001/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Schmukler , and Esteban Vesperoni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851823

Keywords: financing choices, financial structure, financial globalization, international financial markets, financial liberalization, international capital markets, access to international capital, international capital, General Financial Markets, Corporate Finance And Governance,

This paper studies the relation between firm's financing choices and financial globalization. Using an East Asian and Latin American firm-level panel for the 1980s and 1990s, we study how leverage ratios, debt matu...

Financial Inclusion, Growth and Inequality

Financial Inclusion, Growth and Inequality »

Source: Financial Inclusion, Growth and Inequality : A Model Application to Colombia

Volume/Issue: 2014/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498344838

Keywords: Financial deepening, financial inclusion, access to finance, inequality, banking, savings rate, small firms, General, Government Policy and Regulation,

Financial inclusion has been one of the key pillars of Colombia's development strategy for a number of years. Financial inclusion policies have aimed at channeling microcredit to poor, spreading formal banking syst...

The Finance and Growth Nexus Re-Examined

The Finance and Growth Nexus Re-Examined »

Source: The Finance and Growth Nexus Re-Examined : Do All Countries Benefit Equally?

Volume/Issue: 2013/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Ralph Chami , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484372104

Keywords: Growth, Financial Development, Financial Access, oil, banking, bank deposits, banking sector, bank supervision, General, Asia including Middle East,

A large theoretical and empirical literature has focused on the impact of financial deepening on economic growth throughout the world. This paper contributes to the literature by investigating whether this impact d...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

International Financial Integration Through Equity Markets

International Financial Integration Through Equity Markets »

Source: International Financial Integration Through Equity Markets : Which Firms from Which Countries Go Global?

Volume/Issue: 2007/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Schmukler , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867022

Keywords: international financial integration, internationalization, globalization of financial markets, access to financial markets, international firms, equity markets, stock market, foreign sales, stock exchange,

This paper studies international financial integration analyzing firms from various countries raising capital, trading equity, and/or cross-listing in major world stock markets. Using a large sample of 39,517 firms...

The General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)-A Reflection on its First 12 Years and Plans for Taking it Forward

The General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)-A Reflection on its First 12 Years and Plans for Taking it Forward »

Source: The General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)-A Reflection on its First 12 Years and Plans for Taking it Forward

Volume/Issue: 2009/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robin Kibuka , and Charles Enoch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874235

Keywords: GDDS, economic and financial crises, macroeconomic data, data dissemination, sdds, capital markets, international capital markets, access to international capital markets,

The paper reviews the developments in the last 12 years that have influenced the evolution of the IMF's General Data Dissemination System, leading to reforms to enhance its role. The GDDS itself is part of a broade...

Lost and Found

Lost and Found »

Source: Lost and Found : Market Access and Public Debt Dynamics

Volume/Issue: 2016/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , Andrea Presbitero , and Antonio Bassanetti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563207

Keywords: International capital markets, Public debt, Sovereign debt, Default, Econometric models, Emerging markets, Debt sustainability, Access to capital markets, Market access, International financial markets

The empirical literature on sovereign debt crises identifies the level of public debt (measured as a share of GDP) as a key variable to predict debt defaults and to determine sovereign market access. This evidence...