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Building Nordic Strength Through More Open R&D Funding - Study 3
			: The Next Step in NORIA

Building Nordic Strength Through More Open R&D Funding - Study 3 : The Next Step in NORIA »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Erik Arnold , Annelie Eriksson , Sven Faugert , and Tommy Jansson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313926

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Research and Innovation, Economic Competitiveness, Small Nordic Nations, Nordic Research and Innovation Area (NORIA), ERA (European Research Area), Nordic Research Board (NordForsk)

Research and innovation are the primary corner stones in efforts to strengthen economic competitiveness in an ever more globalised economy. This study states that the small Nordic nations face fierce challenges wit...

Intra-Nordic Barriers to Seafood Trade

Intra-Nordic Barriers to Seafood Trade »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289315180

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fish Industry Associations, Seafood Trade, Nordic Trade in Fishery Products, European Free Trade Association, Identifying Possible Trade Barriers, European Economic Area

A working group consisting of representatives of fish industry associations of the Nordic countries has examined the seafood trade patterns in the Nordic countries with the objective of identifying possible trade b...

Individual Financial Guarantee for Future Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Individual Financial Guarantee for Future Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): John Magne Skjelvik , and Haakon Vennemo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289312837

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), European Economic Area (EEA), Human and the Environmental Damage, Producers and Importers, ECON, Collection and Treatment of WEEE

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) has increased dramatically over recent years within the European Economic Area (EEA). Much of this waste is potentially damaging for humans and the environment if no...

Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union

Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union »

Source: Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2015/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Michal Andrle , John Bluedorn , Luc Eyraud , Tidiane Kinda , Petya Koeva Brooks , Gerd Schwartz , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2015

ISBN: 9781498338288

Keywords: Fiscal reforms, Euro Area, European Economic and Monetary Union, Fiscal rules, Fiscal policy, Fiscal Governance, European Economic, Monetary Union, debt, expenditure

Successive reforms have brought many positive elements to the European Union's fiscal framework. But they have also increased its complexity. The current system involves an intricate set of fiscal constraints, whic...

Pros and Cons of Currency Board Arrangements in the Lead-Up to EU Accession and Participation in the Euro Zone

Pros and Cons of Currency Board Arrangements in the Lead-Up to EU Accession and Participation in the Euro Zone »

Source: Pros and Cons of Currency Board Arrangements in the Lead-Up to EU Accession and Participation in the Euro Zone

Volume/Issue: 2000/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Anne Gulde , Juha Kähkönen , and Peter Keller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451974928

Keywords: Currency boards, European Economic and Monetary Union, European Union, Euro Area, EU accession, EMU, euro, currency board, exchange rate, exchange rate regime

Historically, countries with currency board arrangements (CBAs) have experienced lower inflation and higher growth than those with other regimes. The experiences of three candidates for EU membership with CBAs (Est...

2011 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - An Evaluation of IMF Surveillance of the Euro Area

2011 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - An Evaluation of IMF Surveillance of the Euro Area »

Source: 2011 Triennial Surveillance Review - External Study - An Evaluation of IMF Surveillance of the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2011/049

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

ISBN: 9781498338707

Keywords: Euro Area, Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Fund role, Relationships with Fund, Surveillance, Financial crises, International monetary system, Financial markets, Economic conditions

External Study prepared by Jean Pisani-Ferry, André Sapir, and Guntram B. Wolff: This report provides an independent evaluation of recent IMF surveillance in the euro area (EA). It focuses on the euro area as a wh...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Source: Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513505121

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Demand, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Banking sector, Bank supervision, European Central Bank, Economic indicators, Statistics

Context. The recovery is strengthening, underpinned by lower oil prices and the ECB'sexpanded asset purchase program. But the medium-term outlook remains weak, weighed down by the legacies of insuffici...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513505121

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Demand, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Banking sector, Bank supervision, European Central Bank, Economic indicators, Statistics

Context. The recovery is strengthening, underpinned by lower oil prices and the ECB'sexpanded asset purchase program. But the medium-term outlook remains weak, weighed down by the legacies of insuffici...

Statement by the Staff Representative on the Euro Area, July 24, 2015

Statement by the Staff Representative on the Euro Area, July 24, 2015 »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513505121

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Demand, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Banking sector, Bank supervision, European Central Bank, Economic indicators, Statistics

Context. The recovery is strengthening, underpinned by lower oil prices and the ECB'sexpanded asset purchase program. But the medium-term outlook remains weak, weighed down by the legacies of insuffici...