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Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/

Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/ »

Source: Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451929041

Keywords: environment, environmental standards, environmental agreements, environmental problems, environmental taxes

The paper seeks to provide an overview of the present state of debate on trade, environment and the GATT for developing countries. Potential for green protectionism and relevant GATT rules are discussed in three ar...

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll , Silja Kralik , Friðrik Már Baldursson , and Haakon Vennemo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324793

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fiscal Consolidation, Environmental Tax, Subsidy Reforms, Economic Efficiency, Financial Crisis, Environmental Tax Policy

This project adds insight into the potential contribution to fiscal consolidation from environmental tax and subsidy reforms, i.e. strengthening public budgets while at the same time improving economic efficiency a...

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution »

Source: Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842999

Keywords: Environmental taxes, tradable permits, emission, pollution, emission tax, emission taxes

This paper examines the relative merits of two dominant economic instruments for reducing pollution—”green” taxes and tradable permits. Theoretically, the two instruments share many similaritie...

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anna Eriksson , Terhi Fitch , Henrik Lindhjem , John Magne Skjelvik , and Lise-Lotte Pade Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319409

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Instruments, Environmental Policy, Policy Instruments, Emissions Trading System, Vehicle Registration Tax, Economy and national budget

The Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular overview reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. In this report, Part I presents an overview of the use of economic instruments w...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives

Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives »

Source: Reforming the Tax System to Promote Environmental Objectives : An Application to Mauritius

Volume/Issue: 2011/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455263417

Keywords: green taxes, global warming, congestion, vehicle taxes, taxes, tax system, excise tax, environmental taxes, Agricultural And Natural Resource Economics,

Fiscal instruments are potentially among the most effective, and cost-effective, options for addressing externalities related to poor air quality, urban road congestion, and greenhouse gases. This paper takes a cas...

International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty

International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty »

Source: International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty

Volume/Issue: 1992/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Herber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451947847

Keywords: environmental externalities, environment, global environment facility, carbon tax, global warming

Traditional public finance theory may be applied to the internalization of international environmental externalities. The policy constraint imposed by the absence of sovereign international government may be partia...

How Should Shale Gas Extraction Be Taxed?1

How Should Shale Gas Extraction Be Taxed?1 »

Source: How Should Shale Gas Extraction Be Taxed?

Volume/Issue: 2017/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Daniel , Alan Krupnick , Thornton Matheson , Peter Mullins , Ian Parry , and Artur Swistak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484328491

Keywords: shale gas; environmental risks; corrective taxes; liability; fiscal regime design; simulated projects; marginal effective tax rates, shale gas, environmental risks, corrective taxes, liability, fiscal regime design, simulated projects, marginal effective tax rates, Government Policy, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

This paper suggests that the environmental and commercial features of shale gas extraction do not warrant a significantly different fiscal regime than recommended for conventional gas. Fiscal policies may have a ro...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies »

Source: Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...