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The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll , Silja Kralik , Friðrik Már Baldursson , and Haakon Vennemo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324793

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fiscal Consolidation, Environmental Tax, Subsidy Reforms, Economic Efficiency, Financial Crisis, Environmental Tax Policy

This project adds insight into the potential contribution to fiscal consolidation from environmental tax and subsidy reforms, i.e. strengthening public budgets while at the same time improving economic efficiency a...

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anna Eriksson , Terhi Fitch , Henrik Lindhjem , John Magne Skjelvik , and Lise-Lotte Pade Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319409

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Instruments, Environmental Policy, Policy Instruments, Emissions Trading System, Vehicle Registration Tax, Economy and national budget

The Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular overview reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. In this report, Part I presents an overview of the use of economic instruments w...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

How Should Shale Gas Extraction Be Taxed?1

How Should Shale Gas Extraction Be Taxed?1 »

Source: How Should Shale Gas Extraction Be Taxed?

Volume/Issue: 2017/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Daniel , Alan Krupnick , Thornton Matheson , Peter Mullins , Ian Parry , and Artur Swistak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484328491

Keywords: shale gas; environmental risks; corrective taxes; liability; fiscal regime design; simulated projects; marginal effective tax rates, shale gas, environmental risks, corrective taxes, liability, fiscal regime design, simulated projects, marginal effective tax rates, Government Policy, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

This paper suggests that the environmental and commercial features of shale gas extraction do not warrant a significantly different fiscal regime than recommended for conventional gas. Fiscal policies may have a ro...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies »

Source: Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options »

Source: Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Kelley Kizzier , and Tristan Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484374559

Keywords: Maritime emissions, climate mitigation, carbon tax, revenue-neutral feebate, design issues, spreadsheet model, International Marime Organization, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced in April 2018 a target of cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the sector by 50 percent below 2008 levels by 2050 and subsequent meetings of the IMO wi...

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection »

Source: The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

Volume/Issue: 2002/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451846850

Keywords: Property Rights, Rule of Law, and Environmental Policy, law, environmental policy, environmental tax, environmental stringency, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

We develop and test a theory of the rule of law and environmental policy formation. In our model an increase in the degree of rule of law has two opposing partial effects on environmental policy: first, a greater s...

Mitigation Policies for the Paris Agreement: An Assessment for G20 Countries

Mitigation Policies for the Paris Agreement: An Assessment for G20 Countries »

Source: Mitigation Policies for the Paris Agreement: An Assessment for G20 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2018/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Victor Mylonas , and Nate Vernon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484373842

Keywords: Paris Agreement, carbon pricing, G20 countries, instrument choice, air pollution mortality, tax incidence, welfare effects, climate mitigation, Government Policy, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

Following submission of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation commitments or pledges (by 190 countries) for the 2015 Paris Agreement, policymakers are considering specific actions for their implementation. To help guide...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...