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Measuring sustainability and decoupling
			: A survey of methodology and practice

Measuring sustainability and decoupling : A survey of methodology and practice »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289314107

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Environmental Policies, Decoupling Indicators, Environmental Quality, Compromising Economic Growth, Economic and Social Impacts, Economy and national budget

There is growing interest, among policymakers, for the prospects of decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation, as they have a hard time disentangling environmental policies from their economic and s...

Greening the economy: Nordic experiences and challenges

Greening the economy: Nordic experiences and challenges »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll , Karin Ibenholt , and John Magne Skjelvik

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289322294

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Climate Change, Economic Instruments, Environmental Quality, Element of Economic, Vista Analyse

After the recent financial and economic crisis, greening the economy has become a major focus for international and national discussions: How to combine forceful and effective action to meet climate change and othe...

Nordic low CO2 emission scenarios - implemented in the GAINS model
			: Potential impacts on air pollution following Nordic low greenhouse gas emission initiatives. Scenario analysis performed with the GAINS model

Nordic low CO2 emission scenarios - implemented in the GAINS model : Potential impacts on air pollution following Nordic low greenhouse gas emission initiatives. Scenario analysis performed with the GAINS model »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jenny Arnell , Stefan Åström , Jesper Bak , Maria Lindblad , and Antti Tohka

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320825

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Technical Measures, Nordic Energy System, Environmental Benefits, European Air Quality Targets, Nordic Strategies, Air Pollution Emission Reduction

The results from this study show that the technical measures to avoid Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and air pollutants in a Nordic energy system in many cases can result in cost savings for society due to reduced...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

Materials for construction of top cover in landfills
			: Experience in the Nordic countries

Materials for construction of top cover in landfills : Experience in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318860

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Compiles Existing Information, Landfill Directive, Technical and Environmental Properties, Important Properties of Waste Material, Waste Material Fulfils the Quality Requirements, Nordic Studies on Potential Waste Materials

The report compiles existing information about materials used for designing a top cover construction pursuant to Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC. The report includes a short review of existing requirements on top lin...

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes
			: A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes »

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849707.001

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856613.001

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...