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International Fuel Tax Assessment

International Fuel Tax Assessment »

Source: International Fuel Tax Assessment : An Application to Chile

Volume/Issue: 2011/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462315338

Keywords: gasoline tax, diesel tax, externalities, optimal tax, welfare gains, road, fuel economy, trucks, fuel tax, Energy: Government Policy,

Gasoline and diesel fuel are heavily taxed in many developed and some emerging and developing countries. Outside of the United States and Europe, however, there has been little attempt to quantify the external cost...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351298.086

ISBN: 9781616351298

Keywords: Economic recovery, Energy prices, Commodity prices, Economic forecasting, Economic conditions, Spillovers, South Sudan, Regional Economic Outlook, Foreign direct investment, Monetary policy

The Arab Spring holds the promise of improved living standards and a more prosperous future for the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa region. At the same time, the region is witnessing uncertainty and eco...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2012

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352677.081

ISBN: 9781616352677

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352684.081

ISBN: 9781616352684

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2012

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352721.081

ISBN: 9781616352721

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices »

Source: Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Volume/Issue: 2015/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Aasim Husain , Rabah Arezki , Peter Breuer , Vikram Haksar , Thomas Helbling , Paulo Medas , and Martin Sommer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513532417

Keywords: Oil price, fuel taxes and subsidies, fiscal vulnerabilities, external vulnerabilities, exchange rate regime, oil, prices, price, oil prices, energy

The sharp drop in oil prices is one of the most important global economic developments over the past year. The SDN finds that (i) supply factors have played a somewhat larger role than demand factors in driving the...