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Proposed Third Amendment of the Articles of Agreement

Proposed Third Amendment of the Articles of Agreement »

Series: Misc Pamphlets, Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455215584.059

ISBN: 9781455215584

Keywords: voting, voting rights, election, voting power, constituency

This chapter provide details of the proposed Third Amendment of the Articles of Agreement of the IMF. This paper also examines the conditions for the imposition of suspension of voting and related rights of a membe...

Articles of Agreement December 2004

Articles of Agreement December 2004 »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455217021.013

ISBN: 9781455217021

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments

This paper explains purposes and functions of various articles of the IMF. The original members of the IMF are those of the countries represented at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference whose govern...

Articles of Agreement

Articles of Agreement »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 June 2012

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352547.013

ISBN: 9781616352547

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, gold, voting rights, exchange arrangements, repurchases, reserve assets

Last issued in 1992, this new release of the IMF's Articles of Agreement for 2011 includes changes to the Articles resulting from the adoption of the Fourth Amendment on August 10, 2009, as well as the Fifth and Si...

Articles of Agreement December 2004

Articles of Agreement December 2004 »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2000

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451931426.013

ISBN: 9781451931426

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, voting rights, exchange arrangements, reserve assets, exchange rates, repurchases

...

Articles of Agreement December 2004

Articles of Agreement December 2004 »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 April 1999

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451938937.013

ISBN: 9781451938937

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, voting rights, exchange arrangements, reserve assets, exchange rates, repurchases

...

Political Budget Cycles in Papua New Guinea

Political Budget Cycles in Papua New Guinea »

Source: Political Budget Cycles in Papua New Guinea

Volume/Issue: 2007/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ebrima Faal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

ISBN: 9781451867831

Keywords: Politics, elections, election, expenditure, voters,

This paper assesses the presence of opportunistic electoral budget cycles in Papua New Guinea. Using quarterly time series data, a clear pattern emerges of pre-election manipulations of fiscal policy by incumbent g...

On the Buyability of Voting Bodies

On the Buyability of Voting Bodies »

Source: On the Buyability of Voting Bodies

Volume/Issue: 2007/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Felix Vardy , and John Morgan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867299

Keywords: Vote buying, lobbying, elections, voters, voting, voter, election,

We study vote buying by competing interest groups in a variety of electoral and contractual settings. While increasing the size of a voting body reduces its buyability in the absence of competition, we show that la...

Political Business Cycles and Expenditure Policies in Developing Countries

Political Business Cycles and Expenditure Policies in Developing Countries »

Source: Political Business Cycles and Expenditure Policies in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/121

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludger Schuknecht

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854312

Keywords: elections, election, fiscal balance, fiscal policies, capital expenditure

The paper studies empirically fiscal policies around elections in 35 developing countries. It finds that governments try to improve their reelection prospects with the help of expansionary expenditure policies. Ris...

Political Instability and Economic Vulnerability

Political Instability and Economic Vulnerability »

Source: Political Instability and Economic Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 1999/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Mulder , and Matthieu Bussière

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451846539

Keywords: vulnerability indicators, political cycle, economic crises, emerging markets, elections, election, political variables, political instability, presidential elections

This paper analyzes and tests the influence of political instability on economic vulnerability in the context of the 1994 and 1997 crises episodes. It constructs four political variables that aim at quantifying pol...

Now or Later? The Political Economy of Public Investment in Democracies*

Now or Later? The Political Economy of Public Investment in Democracies* »

Source: Now or Later? The Political Economy of Public Investment in Democracies

Volume/Issue: 2015/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Estelle Liu , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513583853

Keywords: Political economy, Public Investment, Elections, Fragmentation, Ideology

This paper explores the impact of political and institutional variables on public investment. Working with a sample of 80 presidential and parliamentary democracies between 1975 and 2012, we find that the rate of g...