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Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Source: Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India »

Source: Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India

Volume/Issue: 2010/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455208838

Keywords: Tariff, tariff cuts, trade protection, trade reforms, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

This paper uses the 1991 Indian trade liberalization to measure the impact of trade liberalization on poverty, and to examine the mechanisms underpinning this impact. Variation in sectoral composition across distri...

Trade in the Mashreq

Trade in the Mashreq »

Source: Trade in the Mashreq : An Empirical Examination

Volume/Issue: 2001/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodolphe Blavy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451857931

Keywords: Mashreq, gravity model, regional trade, statistic, trade restrictions, international trade, bilateral trade, Econometric and Statistical Methods: General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Regional Development Policy,

This paper provides a framework for understanding trade patterns in the Mashreq. An augmented gravity model is used to compare actual with expected levels of trade. Trade barriers, political uncertainty, and over-a...

Institutions versus Geography

Institutions versus Geography »

Source: Institutions versus Geography : Subnational Evidence from the United States

Volume/Issue: 2006/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alma Romero-Barrutieta , and Eric Clifton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864298

Keywords: institutions, geography, Appalachia, econometrics, probability, growth rates, instrumental variable, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Empirical studies of the impact of geography and institutions on growth and development at the international level have become common place, but the high degree of abstraction at that level has led to calls for sub...

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855050.001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa »

Source: The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind?

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind? »

Source: Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind?

Volume/Issue: 2006/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Catriona Purfield

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863635

Keywords: Conversions, State Level Growth, employment, per capita income, growth rates, growth rate, General Outlook and Conditions, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses

This paper examines how growth has varied across India's states. It finds that (i) the income gap between rich and poor states has widened; (ii) rich and faster-growing states have been more effective in reducing p...

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence »

Source: Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Volume/Issue: 2012/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475503272

Keywords: Structural reforms, regional convergence, equation, wage, minimum wage, severance payment, statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Which structural reforms affect the speed the regional convergence within a country? We found that domestic financial development, trade/current account openness, better institutional infrastructure, and selected l...

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India

Factor Immobility and Regional Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidenceon Poverty From India »

Volume/Issue: 2010/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455208838.001

ISBN: 9781455208838

Keywords: Tariff, tariff cuts, trade protection, trade reforms, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

This paper uses the 1991 Indian trade liberalization to measure the impact of trade liberalization on poverty, and to examine the mechanisms underpinning this impact. Variation in sectoral composition across distri...

Small Island States in the Pacific

Small Island States in the Pacific »

Source: Small Island States in the Pacific : the Tyranny of Distance

Volume/Issue: 2012/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Becker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510263

Keywords: microstate, economies of scale, geographic isolation, economic outcomes, per capita income, neighboring countries, transport costs, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional

This paper seeks to document key characteristics of small island states in the Pacific. It restricts itself to a limited number of indicators which are macro-orientated - population, fertility of land, ability to t...