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The Global Impact of Demographic Change

The Global Impact of Demographic Change »

Source: The Global Impact of Demographic Change

Volume/Issue: 2006/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tim Callen , Warwick McKibbin , and Nicoletta Batini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862690

Keywords: demographics, saving, demographic change, demographic transition, population growth, life expectancy, adult population

The world is in the midst of a major demographic transition. This paper examines the implications of such transition over the next 80 years for Japan, the United States, other industrial countries, and the developi...

Impact of Demographic Changes on Inflation and the Macroeconomy

Impact of Demographic Changes on Inflation and the Macroeconomy »

Source: Impact of Demographic Changes on Inflation and the Macroeconomy

Volume/Issue: 2014/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jong-Won Yoon , Jinill Kim , and Jungjin Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2014

ISBN: 9781498396783

Keywords: Demographic Changes, Population Aging, Macroeconomic Impact, Savings and Investment, population, life expectancy, population dynamics, Demographic Trends and Forecasts, Fiscal Policy.,

The ongoing demographic changes will bring about a substantial shift in the size and the age composition of the population, which will have significant impact on the global economy. Despite potentially grave conse...

Reforming Pensions

Reforming Pensions »

Source: Reforming Pensions : Myths, Truths, and Policy Choices

Volume/Issue: 2000/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): N. Barr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2000

ISBN: 9781451856033

Keywords: Pensions, funding, Pay-As-You-Go, demographic change, pension, private pensions, social security, retirement

This paper discusses the strategic building blocks of pension reform. The early sections set out the simple economics of pensions and discuss a series of myths which have proved remarkably persistent. Subsequent se...

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1 »

Source: China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2018/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , Ray Brooks , Ding Ding , Haiyan Ding , Hui He , Jing Lu , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484388778

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections,

China's high national savings rate-one of the highest in the world-is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imb...

Demographic Headwinds in Central and Eastern Europe

Demographic Headwinds in Central and Eastern Europe »

Source: Demographic Headwinds in Central and Eastern Europe

Volume/Issue: 2019/12

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Cristina Batog , Ernesto Crivelli , Anna Ilyina , Zoltan Jakab , Jaewoo Lee , Anvar Musayev , Iva Petrova , Alasdair Scott , Anna Shabunina , Andreas Tudyka , Xin Cindy Xu , and Ruifeng Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498319768

Keywords: Central and Eastern Europe, Demographic indicators, Emigration and immigration (Economic Aspects), Labor productivity, Labor supply, Demographic changes; Labor supply; Productivity; Potential growth; Convergence

The populations of Central and Eastern European (CESEE) countries-with the exception of Turkey-are expected to decrease significantly over the next 30 years, driven by low or negative net birth rates and outward mi...

Population Aging and Global Capital Flows in a Parallel Universe

Population Aging and Global Capital Flows in a Parallel Universe »

Source: Population Aging and Global Capital Flows in a Parallel Universe

Volume/Issue: 2000/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robin Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2000

ISBN: 9781451857023

Keywords: population aging, international capital flows, current account, old-age dependency, current account balance, dependency ratios, demographic change

This paper explores the global impact of population aging, using a calibrated overlapping generations model of eight world regions to simulate the effects of historical and projected demographic trends on internati...

How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts

How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts »

Source: How to Assess Fiscal Implications of Demographic Shifts : A Granular Approach

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): David Amaglobeli , and Wei Shi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536072

Keywords: Government spending, Health care spending, Population growth, Demographic transition, Age-related spending, Revenues, Pensions, Poland, Korea, Republic of, Asia and Pacific

Over the next few decades, the world will experience significant demographic shifts, with material fiscal implications. In many advanced and emerging market economies, aging populations will lead to higher spending...

Future of Asia’s Finance

Future of Asia’s Finance »

Source: Future of Asia's Finance : How Can it Meet Challenges of Demographic Change and Infrastructure Needs?

Volume/Issue: 2014/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , Waikei Lam , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498321082

Keywords: Demographic change, infrastructure financing, financial deepening, financial integration, capital and financial flows, bond, financial markets, financial sector development, bonds, Models with Panel Data

There is a role for Asia's financial sector to play to address the challenges associated with the region's changing demographics and infrastructure investment needs. Enhancing financial innovation and integration i...

Drivers of Labor Force Participation in Advanced Economies: Macro and Micro Evidence*

Drivers of Labor Force Participation in Advanced Economies: Macro and Micro Evidence* »

Source: Drivers of Labor Force Participation in Advanced Economies: Macro and Micro Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2018/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Zsoka Koczan , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484361528

Keywords: Labor force participation, policies, technology, routinization, Demographic Trends and Forecasts, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences

Despite signicant headwinds from population aging in most advanced economies (AEs), labor force participation rates show remarkably divergent trajectories both across countries and across different groups of worker...

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Aruba: 2019 Article IV Consultation Discussions— Press Release and Staff Report

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Aruba: 2019 Article IV Consultation Discussions— Press Release and Staff Report »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands - Aruba : 2019 Article IV Consultation Discussions-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/148

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318006

Keywords: Economic recovery, Central banks, Demographic indicators, Statistics, Financial soundness indicators, medium term, percent change, current account balance, percent of GDP, overall balance

Aruba is a small open economy with a pegged exchange rate to the U.S. dollar. The island is heavily dependent on tourism and has living standards among the highest in the Caribbean. The economy is gradually recover...