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Lithuania

Lithuania »

Source: Lithuania : History and Future of the Currency Board Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2002/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451854992

Keywords: Real effective exchange rate, competitiveness, currency board arrangement, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, tradable goods, equilibrium exchange rate, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

The paper examines the evolution of the institutional setup of Lithuania's Currency Board Arrangement (CBA) and competitiveness from 1994 through 2001, with a view to determining the resilience of the Lithuanian CB...

The Estonian Currency Board

The Estonian Currency Board »

Source: The Estonian Currency Board : Its Introduction and Role in the Early Success of Estonia's Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 2002/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andres Sutt , Basil Zavoiceo , and Adalbert Knöbl

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851922

Keywords: currency reform, exchange arrangements, currency board, transition to market economy, exchange rate, monetary policy, foreign exchange, central bank, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes,

This paper reviews the history of the introduction of the Estonian kroon under a currency board arrangement. On June 20, 1992, Estonia became the first country from the former Soviet Union to abandon the Russian ru...

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2002/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851601

Keywords: foreign currency, inflation, monetary policy, high inflation, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: General, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Co-currency Circulation, Kalman Filter, Currency Board Arrangement,

Cambodia became dollarized suddenly in the early 1990s, as a result of massive dollar inflows stemming from a postconflict situation. Considering that the amount of dollars in circulation is unusually high, we atte...

Proposed Decision to Modify the New Arrangements to Borrow

Proposed Decision to Modify the New Arrangements to Borrow »

Source: Proposed Decision to Modify the New Arrangements to Borrow

Volume/Issue: 2010/029

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2010

ISBN: 9781498337618

Keywords: Borrowing by Fund, Executive Board decisions, New Arrangements to Borrow, International monetary system, SDR interest rates, Freely usable currencies, Central banks, Reserve tranche positions, new participant, proposed modification

This paper examines cross-country perspectives on economies with large banking systems relative to GDP. As such economies tend to have domestic institutions with major foreign currency cross-border activities, stro...

Financial Transactions Plan - Temporary Modification of Guidelines for Allocation of Currencies Used for Transfers

Financial Transactions Plan - Temporary Modification of Guidelines for Allocation of Currencies Used for Transfers »

Source: Financial Transactions Plan - Temporary Modification of Guidelines for Allocation of Currencies Used for Transfers

Volume/Issue: 2011/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2011

ISBN: 9781498339131

Keywords: Borrowing agreements, Burden sharing, Currencies, Executive Board decisions, Financial transactions plan, Lapse of time approval, New Arrangements to Borrow, Reserve tranche positions, Credit, Borrowing

This paper proposes a temporary modification of the current guidelines for allocation of currencies used for transfers in the Financial Transactions Plan (FTP). This temporary modification is designed to promote fa...

Borrowing Agreement Between Deutsche Bundesbank and the International Monetary Fund

Borrowing Agreement Between Deutsche Bundesbank and the International Monetary Fund »

Source: Borrowing Agreement Between Deutsche Bundesbank and the International Monetary Fund

Volume/Issue: 2009/007

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2009

ISBN: 9781498335522

Keywords: Borrowed resources use, Borrowing agreements, Borrowing by Fund, Central banks, Executive Board decisions, Lapse of time approval, New Arrangements to Borrow, SDR interest rates, Freely usable currencies, Interest rates

In light of the multilateral effort to ensure the adequacy of the financial resources available to the International Monetary Fund, and with a view to supporting the Fund's ability to provide timely and effective b...

Borrowing Agreement with the Government of the United Kingdom

Borrowing Agreement with the Government of the United Kingdom »

Source: Borrowing Agreement with the Government of the United Kingdom

Volume/Issue: 2009/003

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2009

ISBN: 9781498335560

Keywords: Borrowed resources use, Borrowing agreements, Borrowing by Fund, Executive Board decisions, Lapse of time approval, New Arrangements to Borrow, SDR interest rates, Freely usable currencies, Interest rates, Central banks

In light of the multilateral effort to ensure the adequacy of the financial resources available to the International Monetary Fund, and with a view to supporting the Fund's ability to provide timely and effective b...

Update on the Financing of the Fund's Concessional Assistance and Debt Relief to Low-Income Member Countries

Update on the Financing of the Fund's Concessional Assistance and Debt Relief to Low-Income Member Countries »

Source: Update on the Financing of the Fund's Concessional Assistance and Debt Relief to Low-Income Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/072

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2011

ISBN: 9781498338493

Keywords: Borrowing agreements, Borrowing by Fund, Concessional aid, Debt relief, Emergency assistance, Executive Board decisions, Forward commitment capacity, Gold sales by Fund, HIPC Initiative, Lapse of time approval

Lower-than-expected demand over the recent past has raised the lending capacity of the PRGT for the years 2012-14. Staff's latest projections suggest PRGT demand in 2011 could be about SDR 1.4 billion, up from SDR...

Lithuania
			: History and Future of the Currency Board Arrangement

Lithuania : History and Future of the Currency Board Arrangement »

Volume/Issue: 2002/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854992.001

ISBN: 9781451854992

Keywords: Real effective exchange rate, competitiveness, currency board arrangement, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, tradable goods, equilibrium exchange rate, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

The paper examines the evolution of the institutional setup of Lithuania's Currency Board Arrangement (CBA) and competitiveness from 1994 through 2001, with a view to determining the resilience of the Lithuanian CB...

The Estonian Currency Board
			: Its Introduction and Role in the Early Success of Estonia's Transition to a Market Economy

The Estonian Currency Board : Its Introduction and Role in the Early Success of Estonia's Transition to a Market Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2002/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andres Sutt , Basil Zavoiceo , and Adalbert Knöbl

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851922.001

ISBN: 9781451851922

Keywords: currency reform, exchange arrangements, currency board, transition to market economy, exchange rate, monetary policy, foreign exchange, central bank, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes,

This paper reviews the history of the introduction of the Estonian kroon under a currency board arrangement. On June 20, 1992, Estonia became the first country from the former Soviet Union to abandon the Russian ru...