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Commodity Terms of Trade

Commodity Terms of Trade »

Source: Commodity Terms of Trade : A New Database

Volume/Issue: 2019/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484393857

Keywords: Commodity terms of trade; terms of trade; commodity prices, Commodity terms of trade, terms of trade, commodity prices, General

This paper presents a comprehensive database of country-specific commodity price indices for 182 economies covering the period 1962-2018. For each country, the change in the international price of up to 45 individu...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere
			: Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere : Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351304.086

ISBN: 9781616351304

Keywords: terms of trade, commodity prices, inflation, terms of trade shocks, fiscal consolidation

Despite the recent deterioration in the global economic environment, projections for the region involve only a modest worsening of the outlook. The October 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere caution...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067165.086

ISBN: 9781589067165

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, terms of trade, inflation-targeting

The main focus of this report is the outlook for the region in the face of the downturn now projected for the U.S. economy and the continuing risks that affect the global outlook. Overall the region is better place...

Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Commodity Price Cycles

Commodity Price Cycles »

Source: Commodity Price Cycles : The Perils of Mismanaging the Boom

Volume/Issue: 2011/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Sosa , and Gustavo Adler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781463926649

Keywords: Commodity prices, terms of trade, economic policies, commodity exports, trade shocks, terms of trade shocks, Commodity Price Cycles,

Commodity-exporting countries have significantly benefited from the commodity price boom of recent years. At the current juncture, however, uncertain global economic prospects have raised questions about their vuln...

Commodity Terms of Trade
			: A New Database

Commodity Terms of Trade : A New Database »

Volume/Issue: 2019/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393857.001

ISBN: 9781484393857

Keywords: Commodity terms of trade; terms of trade; commodity prices, Commodity terms of trade, terms of trade, commodity prices, General

This paper presents a comprehensive database of country-specific commodity price indices for 182 economies covering the period 1962-2018. For each country, the change in the international price of up to 45 individu...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Time for a Policy Reset

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Sub-Saharan Africa : Time for a Policy Reset »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498388139.086

ISBN: 9781498388139

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Terms of trade, financial development, commodity, exchange, debt, exchange rate

Economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa as a whole has fallen to its lowest level in 15 years, though with large variation among countries in the region. The sharp decline in commodity prices has severely strained ma...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Time for a Policy Reset

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Sub-Saharan Africa : Time for a Policy Reset »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2016

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309841.086

ISBN: 9781484309841

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Terms of trade, financial development, commodity, exchange, debt, exchange rate

Economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa as a whole has fallen to its lowest level in 15 years, though with large variation among countries in the region. The sharp decline in commodity prices has severely strained ma...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2007, Western Hemisphere

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2007, Western Hemisphere »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066427.086

ISBN: 9781589066427

Keywords: world growth, commodity prices, bond, per capita income, terms of trade

The past year has been one of strong economic performance for the Western Hemisphere, notwithstanding somewhat slower growth in the United States in recent quarters. Can this performance be sustained, and what chal...

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook and Challenges

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook and Challenges »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Western Hemisphere : Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2011

ISBN: 9781616351304

Keywords: terms of trade, commodity prices, inflation, terms of trade shocks, fiscal consolidation

Global activity has slowed, and the expansion has become more uneven with increasing downside risks, accompanied by bouts of global financial market volatility. Although the transient factors th...