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Access and rights to forest genetic resources in the Nordic region
			: Current situation and future perspectives

Access and rights to forest genetic resources in the Nordic region : Current situation and future perspectives »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Sanna Black-Samuelsson , Ditte Christina Olrik , Gunnar Friis Proschowsky , Henrik Hallingbäck , Øyvind Meland Edvardsen , Tor Myking , Mari Rusanen , Tore Skrøppa , and Morten Walløe Tvedt

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323475

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Forest Genetic Resources, Climate Adaptation, Climate Mitigation, Forest Management, Plant Genetic Resources, Property Rights

Continued flexible exchange of forest genetic resources (FGR) in the Nordic region is important for sustainable forest management and for climate change adaptation and mitigation. For this reason, a high level poli...

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , and Adriaan Perrels

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320863

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Environmental Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Climate Mitigation, Green Transformation, Economy and national budget

A review study of the impacts of the economic crisis on the environment and environmental policy in Nordic countries indicates that the short run economic slowdown translates into a levelling or decline of various...

After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change

After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change »

Source: After Paris : Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2016/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mai Farid , Michael Keen , Michael Papaioannou , Ian Parry , Catherine Pattillo , and Anna Ter-Martirosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513506562

Keywords: Financial markets, Fiscal policy, Climate mitigation, climate finance, adaptation, climate, carbon, emissions, climate change, co

This paper discusses the implications of climate change for fiscal, financial, and macroeconomic policies. Most pressing is the use of carbon taxes (or equivalent trading systems) to implement the emissions mitigat...

Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives

Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nicolette Bartlett , Nadine Braun , Thomas Day , Yvonne Deng , Sandrine Dixson-Declève , and Niklas Höhne

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327466

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs), Global Emissions, Warming Limit, National Emission Reduction, Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Public Climate Finance

International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs) could hold significant promise for closing the global emissions gap between a pathway to a 2°C warming limit and current national emission reduction pledges. This report...

IMF Policy Paper: Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies—from Principle to Practice

IMF Policy Paper: Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies—from Principle to Practice »

Source: Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies-from Principle to Practice

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498311717

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Climate policy, Paris Club, Greenhouse emissions, Sustainable development, National budgets, Climatic changes, Debt sustainability, climate mitigation, Paris Agreement

This paper discusses the role of, and provides practical country-level guidance on, fiscal policies for implementing climate strategies using a unique and transparent tool laying out trade-offs among policy options...

IMF Executive Board Reviews Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies

IMF Executive Board Reviews Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies »

Source: Fiscal Policies for Paris Climate Strategies-from Principle to Practice

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498311717

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Climate policy, Paris Club, Greenhouse emissions, Sustainable development, National budgets, Climatic changes, Debt sustainability, climate mitigation, Paris Agreement

This paper discusses the role of, and provides practical country-level guidance on, fiscal policies for implementing climate strategies using a unique and transparent tool laying out trade-offs among policy options...

Financing the Response to Climate Change

Financing the Response to Climate Change »

Source: Financing the Response to Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2010/06

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2010

ISBN: 9781462386864

Keywords: Climatic changes, Developing countries, Environment, External financing, Resource mobilization, Climate Change, Financing, mitigation, response to climate change, adaptation financing

This note outlines a scheme for mobilizing financing to help developing countries confront the challenges posed by climate change. The idea is to create a 'Green Fund' with the capacity to raise resources on a scal...

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options »

Source: Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Kelley Kizzier , and Tristan Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484374559

Keywords: Maritime emissions, climate mitigation, carbon tax, revenue-neutral feebate, design issues, spreadsheet model, International Marime Organization, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced in April 2018 a target of cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the sector by 50 percent below 2008 levels by 2050 and subsequent meetings of the IMO wi...

Global Risks and Collective Action Failures

Global Risks and Collective Action Failures »

Source: Global Risks and Collective Action Failures : What Can the International Community Do?

Volume/Issue: 2014/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Inci Otker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498396554

Keywords: Global risks, Collective action, Climate change, Crises, Pandemics, climate change mitigation, kyoto protocol, framework convention on climate change, convention on climate change, General

Abstract What do climate change, global financial crises, pandemics, and fragility and conflict have in common? They are all examples of global risks that can cross geographical and generational boundaries and wh...

Mitigation Policies for the Paris Agreement: An Assessment for G20 Countries

Mitigation Policies for the Paris Agreement: An Assessment for G20 Countries »

Source: Mitigation Policies for the Paris Agreement: An Assessment for G20 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2018/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Victor Mylonas , and Nate Vernon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484373842

Keywords: Paris Agreement, carbon pricing, G20 countries, instrument choice, air pollution mortality, tax incidence, welfare effects, climate mitigation, Government Policy, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

Following submission of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation commitments or pledges (by 190 countries) for the 2015 Paris Agreement, policymakers are considering specific actions for their implementation. To help guide...