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Managing Budgetary Virements

Managing Budgetary Virements »

Source: Managing Budgetary Virements

Volume/Issue: 2016/4

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Sandeep Saxena , and Sami Ylaoutinen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513509051

Keywords: Expenditure controls, Budget estimates, Financial management information systems, Fiscal policy, Expenditure policy, Budget, budgetary appropriations, budget execution, budgetary reallocation, budget reserves

Virements are useful instruments of budget flexibility. If carried out transparently and within accepted limits, virements can promote expenditure efficiency. Large, unregulated virements can undermine budget credi...

Report of the Task Force on the Fund's Technical Assistance Strategy

Report of the Task Force on the Fund's Technical Assistance Strategy »

Source: Report of the Task Force on the Fund's Technical Assistance Strategy

Volume/Issue: 2011/085

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2011

ISBN: 9781498338363

Keywords: Fund role, Members, Technical Assistance, Economic policy, Budgetary process, Financial services, European Union, Employment policy, external finance, medium-term

Fund technical assistance (TA) has undergone major changes during the last few years. On the demand side, there is increased interest in a longer-term, implementation-oriented TA, 'second generation' reforms, and i...

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility »

Source: Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Volume/Issue: 2019/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302937

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Fiscal policy, National budgets, Budgetary policy, Fiscal stimulus, procyclicality, structural budget balances, fiscal rules, output gap, countercyclical

This paper discusses the benefits and challenges of implementing a rule-based fiscal responsibility framework, using the Philippines as a case study. It estimates structural measures of the fiscal stance over the p...

Costa Rica

Costa Rica »

Source: Costa Rica : Fiscal Transparency Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2013/316

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484316733

Keywords: Costa Rica, Budgets, Budgeting, Fiscal transparency, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy, Risk management, fiscal reports, fiscal transparency assessment, fiscal risks

This paper discusses pilot fiscal transparency assessment for Costa Rica. The assessment confirmed that Costa Rica has various excellent and sophisticated fiscal transparency practices. Those include: (1) instituti...

Belize

Belize »

Source: Belize : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Volume/Issue: 192020/221

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550954

Keywords: Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Public investments, Extra budgetary funds, Financial management information systems, ISCR, CR, PSIP, PPPs, budget document

The level of public investment in Belize has varied over the past years in the context of existing constraints. The sharp increase in public debt has limited available fiscal space.1 This has resulted in an increas...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...

Budget Institutions in G-20 Countries - An Update

Budget Institutions in G-20 Countries - An Update »

Source: Budget Institutions in G-20 Countries - An Update

Volume/Issue: 2014/041

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498343541

Keywords: Budgeting, Budgets, Cross country analysis, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal policy, Fiscal risk, Group of Twenty, Risk management, National budgets, Budget estimates

The recent crisis left many G-20 countries with significant fiscal consolidation needs. There is evidence that well-designed budget institutions can help countries to plan and deliver successful fiscal adjustments....

A New Action-Based Dataset of Fiscal Consolidation

A New Action-Based Dataset of Fiscal Consolidation »

Source: A New Action-Based Dataset of Fiscal Consolidation

Volume/Issue: 2011/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Pescatori , Daniel Leigh , Jaime Guajardo , and Pete Devries

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455264407

Keywords: government expenditure, spending cuts, budgetary impact, deficit reduction, budget deficit, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, And Finance, General

This paper presents a new dataset of fiscal consolidation for 17 OECD economies during 1978-2009. We focus on discretionary changes in taxes and government spending primarily motivated by a desire to reduce the bud...

Statement by the Managing Director on the Management Implementation Plan for the IEO Report on the Fund's Performance in the Run-Up to the Crisis

Statement by the Managing Director on the Management Implementation Plan for the IEO Report on the Fund's Performance in the Run-Up to the Crisis »

Source: Statement by the Managing Director on the Management Implementation Plan for the IEO Report on the Fund's Performance in the Run-Up to the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2012/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 May 2012

ISBN: 9781498340540

Keywords: Corporate governance, Fund organizational changes, Managing Director reports, Staff mobility, Staff recruitment, External sector, Financial sector surveillance, Budgetary process, Financial sector, Development policy

The Management Implementation Plan puts forward a range of measures crucial to strengthening surveillance, carefully drawing on the IEO's report and on the Triennial Surveillance Review (TSR). Yet stronger surveill...

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines »

Source: Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Volume/Issue: 2009/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2009

ISBN: 9781498335744

Keywords: Access limits, Access to Fund general resources, Concessional aid, Debt management, Debt sustainability, External debt, External financing, Financial management, Fund facilities, Fund policies

Low-income countries (LICs) face significant challenges in meeting their development objectives, while maintaining a sustainable debt position. To address this dilemma, the international community has largely advoc...