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External Adjustment and the Optimal Demand for International Reserves

External Adjustment and the Optimal Demand for International Reserves »

Source: External Adjustment and the Optimal Demand for International Reserves

Volume/Issue: 1989/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 1989

ISBN: 9781451951844

Keywords: reserve holdings, balance of payments, external borrowing, adjustment period, reserve management

This paper provides a theoretical underpinning for the major determinants of optimal reserve demand in the case where fundamental disequilibrium constitutes a key element governing reserve management. Emphasis is g...

The Demand Cor International Reserves and their Opportunity Cost

The Demand Cor International Reserves and their Opportunity Cost »

Source: The Demand Cor International Reserves and their Opportunity Cost

Volume/Issue: 1988/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451947328

Keywords: reserve holdings, international reserves, financial markets, international financial markets, international borrowing

An empirical study that shows that countries’ reserve holdings are sensitive to the rates at which they can borrow on international financial markets, this analysis confirms the view that holding major curre...

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe »

Source: Zimbabwe : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451841398

Keywords: reserve bank, external debt, domestic financing, balance of payments, external borrowing

This paper describes economic developments in Zimbabwe during the 1990s. The paper highlights that the path of the economy since 1990 has been dominated by the impact of the severe drought in 1992. Value added in t...

Malawi

Malawi »

Source: Malawi : First Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion, and Modification of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Informational Annex; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malawi

Volume/Issue: 2013/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484324912

Keywords: debt service payments, balance of payments, reserve bank, external debt, domestic borrowing

This collection of papers reviews Malawi's economic performance under a program supported by the Extended Credit Facility (ECF). Drought conditions in parts of the country have dampened the near-term outlook for gr...

IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the Extended Credit Facility for Malawi and Approves US$20 Million Disbursement

IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the Extended Credit Facility for Malawi and Approves US$20 Million Disbursement »

Source: Malawi : First Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion, and Modification of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Informational Annex; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malawi

Volume/Issue: 2013/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484324912

Keywords: debt service payments, balance of payments, reserve bank, external debt, domestic borrowing

This collection of papers reviews Malawi's economic performance under a program supported by the Extended Credit Facility (ECF). Drought conditions in parts of the country have dampened the near-term outlook for gr...

Statement by Mr. Momodou Bamba Saho, Executive Director for Malawi, December 19, 2012

Statement by Mr. Momodou Bamba Saho, Executive Director for Malawi, December 19, 2012 »

Source: Malawi : First Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion, and Modification of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Informational Annex; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malawi

Volume/Issue: 2013/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484324912

Keywords: debt service payments, balance of payments, reserve bank, external debt, domestic borrowing

This collection of papers reviews Malawi's economic performance under a program supported by the Extended Credit Facility (ECF). Drought conditions in parts of the country have dampened the near-term outlook for gr...

Modifying the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT) Cumulative Borrowing Limit

Modifying the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT) Cumulative Borrowing Limit »

Source: Modifying the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT) Cumulative Borrowing Limit

Volume/Issue: 2018/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2018

ISBN: 9781498307253

Keywords: Poverty reduction, Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust, Credit, Borrowing, Loans, Debt, Reserves adequacy, mobilization, loan, loan agreement

An effort to mobilize SDR 11 billion in additional Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT) loan resources is underway to sustain the Fund's concessional lending operations over the medium term. SDR 9.4 billion in...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves »

Source: Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...

Financial Transactions Plan - Temporary Modification of Guidelines for Allocation of Currencies Used for Transfers

Financial Transactions Plan - Temporary Modification of Guidelines for Allocation of Currencies Used for Transfers »

Source: Financial Transactions Plan - Temporary Modification of Guidelines for Allocation of Currencies Used for Transfers

Volume/Issue: 2011/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2011

ISBN: 9781498339131

Keywords: Borrowing agreements, Burden sharing, Currencies, Executive Board decisions, Financial transactions plan, Lapse of time approval, New Arrangements to Borrow, Reserve tranche positions, Credit, Borrowing

This paper proposes a temporary modification of the current guidelines for allocation of currencies used for transfers in the Financial Transactions Plan (FTP). This temporary modification is designed to promote fa...

Borrowing by the Fund - Operational Issues

Borrowing by the Fund - Operational Issues »

Source: Borrowing by the Fund - Operational Issues

Volume/Issue: 2009/043

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2009

ISBN: 9781498335898

Keywords: Borrowed resources use, Borrowing agreements, Borrowing by Fund, Forward commitment capacity, Fund financial position, Fund liquidity, General Arrangements to Borrow, Lending commitments by Fund, New Arrangements to Borrow, Reserve tranche positions

An increase in the Fund's resources available to assist its members represents an important part of the multilateral response to the global crisis. To this end, the IMFC agreed in April that there should be an incr...