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Factors Underlying the Definition of Broad Money

Factors Underlying the Definition of Broad Money »

Source: Factors Underlying the Definition of Broad Money : An Examination of Recent U.S. Monetary Statistics and Practices of Other Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ewe-Ghee Lim , and Subramanian Sriram

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451848304

Keywords: Definitions Money, aggregates, money market, inflation, monetary aggregate, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Money and Interest Rates, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit,

The paper examines the experiences of countries in defining monetary aggregates, particularly those countries that have undertaken substantial redefinitions. It finds that both the functional and empirical approach...

Monetary Policy with a touch of Basel

Monetary Policy with a touch of Basel »

Source: Monetary Policy with a touch of Basel

Volume/Issue: 2001/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph Chami , and Thomas Cosimano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451857030

Keywords: banking, bank capital, banking industry, basel accord, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, financial Institutions And Services,

The typical portrait of monetary policy has the banks and the money supply being manipulated through changes in bank reserves. However, with only a small portion of bank deposits now subject to reserve requirements...

Improving the Monetary Policy Frameworks in Central America

Improving the Monetary Policy Frameworks in Central America »

Source: Improving the Monetary Policy Frameworks in Central America

Volume/Issue: 2011/245

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephanie Medina Cas , Alejandro Carrion-Menendez , and Florencia Frantischek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463923242

Keywords: inflation, central bank, price stability, reserve requirements, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General,

Several Central American (CADR) countries with independent monetary policies are strengthening their monetary frameworks and some have implemented or are moving towards inflation targeting (IT) regimes. Strengtheni...

Dollarization in Cambodia

Dollarization in Cambodia »

Source: Dollarization in Cambodia : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2011/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nombulelo Duma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218936

Keywords: seigniorage, foreign currency, monetary policy, inflation, macroeconomic stability, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

Over the past decade, Cambodia has become Asia's most dollarized economy. In contrast, dollarization in neighboring Lao P.D.R., Mongolia, and Vietnam has been either declining or broadly stable. Somewhat paradoxica...

World Crude Oil Markets

World Crude Oil Markets »

Source: World Crude Oil Markets : Monetary Policy and the Recent Oil Shock

Volume/Issue: 2006/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Noureddine Krichene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863222

Keywords: elasticities, impulse responses, multipliers, volatility, natural gas, oil demand, crude oil price, Money and Interest Rates: General, Monetary Policy, Central Banking

This paper examines the relationship between monetary policy and oil prices within a world oil demand and supply model. Low price and high income elasticities of demand and rigid supply explain high price volatilit...

Inflation Targeting in Dollarized Economies

Inflation Targeting in Dollarized Economies »

Source: Inflation Targeting in Dollarized Economies

Volume/Issue: 2006/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Leiderman , Rodolfo Maino , and Eric Parrado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864175

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, real exchange rate, Money And Interest Rates, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

The shift to inflation targeting has contributed to the relatively low inflation observed in some emerging market economies although, as noted by many economists, the preconditions required for a successful impleme...

Implications of Globalization for Monetary Policy

Implications of Globalization for Monetary Policy »

Source: Implications of Globalization for Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 2001/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helmut Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451859362

Keywords: inflation, central bank, price stability, inflation targeting, International Economics: General, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, general, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper argues that the implications of globalization for monetary policy come mainly through two channels: On the one hand, the many structural changes that are associated with the globalization process cause a...

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis »

Source: External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis : What is Different This Time?

Volume/Issue: 2010/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): F. Gulcin Ozkan , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201419

Keywords: entrepreneurs, domestic economy, entrepreneur, open economy, domestic goods, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, international Finance, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper develops a two-country DSGE model to investigate the transmission of a global financial crisis to a small open economy. We find that economies hit by a sudden stop arising from financial distress in the...

Monetary Policy, Monetary Areas, and Financial Development with Electronic Money

Monetary Policy, Monetary Areas, and Financial Development with Electronic Money »

Source: Monetary Policy, Monetary Areas, and Financial Development with Electronic Money

Volume/Issue: 2004/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Arnone , and Luca Bandiera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451854527

Keywords: electronic money, central bank, atm, credit, reserve requirements, Money and Interest Rates: General, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Electronic money (e-money), as a network good, could become an important form of currency in the future. Such a development could affect monetary policy effectiveness. If an increased use of e-money substantially l...

Monetary Policy Implementation

Monetary Policy Implementation »

Source: Monetary Policy Implementation : Results from a Survey

Volume/Issue: 2007/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Inese Buzeneca , and Rodolfo Maino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865714

Keywords: instruments, reserve requirements, central bank, money market, government securities, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General,

Since the early 1990s, the IMF has been advising countries to shift to the use of indirect instruments for executing monetary policy. This paper provides information about a monetary policy instruments database, ma...